TITLE

Chronic dialysis in children and adolescents. The 2001 NAPRTCS Annual Report

AUTHOR(S)
Neu, Alicia M.; Ho, P. L. (Martin); McDonald, Ruth A.; Warady, Bradley A.
PUB. DATE
August 2002
SOURCE
Pediatric Nephrology;Aug2002, Vol. 17 Issue 8, p656
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The 2001 annual report of the North American Pediatric Renal Transplant Cooperative Study (NAPRTCS) registry includes data on 4,546 dialysis patients. Important trends in dialysis care include a significant increase in the use of peritoneal dialysis catheters with two cuffs (51.6% vs. 36.2%, P<0.001), a Swan neck tunnel (34.1% vs. 20.9%, P<0.001), and a downward pointing exit site (34.9% vs. 29.5%, P<0.001) in patients who initiated dialysis between 1997 and 2000 compared with 1992–1996. Most hemodialysis patients continued to have an external percutaneous catheter as their access at the time of initiation of dialysis (1,550/1,971 patients, 78.6%), but the odds of using a jugular rather than a subclavian vein for these catheters increased by 24% each year between 1992 and 2000. There was a significant trend for increasing use of erythropoietin and by 1996, 96% of patients were prescribed this medication at initiation of dialysis. There was also a modest, but significant, increase in hematocrit in the dialysis registry, as the median hematocrit at 6 months of follow-up was 31% in patients who started dialysis between 1997 and 2000 (P<0.001).
ACCESSION #
7164413

 

Related Articles

  • Complications of gastrostomy feeding in children receiving peritoneal dialysis. Ramage, Ian J.; Harvey, Elizabeth; Geary, Denis F.; Hébert, Diane; Balfe, Judie A.; Balfe, J. Williamson // Pediatric Nephrology;1999, Vol. 13 Issue 3, p249 

    Gastrostomy tube (g-tube) feeding is recognized to improve the nutritional delivery to children with end-stage renal disease. A retrospective study was undertaken assessing the complications of g-tube feeding in children receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD). Twenty-three patients, mean age...

  • Oxalate elimination via hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis in children with chronic renal failure. Hoppe, B.; Graf, Dorothee; Offner, Gisela; Latta, K.; Byrd, D. J.; Michalk, D.; Brodehl, J. // Pediatric Nephrology;1996, Vol. 10 Issue 4, p488 

    Oxalate elimination and oxalate dialysance via hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) has not been studied in detail in pediatric patients. We studied plasma oxalate, oxalate elimination, and oxalate dialysance in 15 infants and children undergoing CAPD (9 female, 6 male, aged 9 months...

  • Effect of cisapride on rate-corrected QT intervals in children on peritoneal dialysis. Marx, Manfred; Kitzmueller, Erwin; Pichler, Andrea; Arbeiter, Klaus; Aufricht, Christoph // Pediatric Nephrology;Aug2002, Vol. 17 Issue 8, p652 

    The aim of this study was to investigate whether cisapride significantly increases corrected QT (QTc) intervals on resting 12-lead electrocardiograms (ECGs) in children on peritoneal dialysis. Medical records of children who were treated with chronic peritoneal dialysis and who had ECGs while...

  • Disparate outcomes in pediatric peritoneal dialysis patients by gender/race in the End-Stage Renal Disease Clinical Performance Measures project. Atkinson, Meredith A.; Neu, Alicia M.; Fivush, Barbara A.; Frankenfield, Diane L. // Pediatric Nephrology;Aug2008, Vol. 23 Issue 8, p1331 

    Associations between achievement of adult Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (KDOQI) targets for hemoglobin, adequacy and albumin, and race and gender were determined for pediatric peritoneal dialysis patients from the End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Clinical Performance Measures (CPM)...

  • CAPD/CCPD in children: Four years' experience. Fine, Richard N.; Salusky, Isidro B. // Kidney International Supplement;Jul1986, Issue 19, pS7 

    The article describes the authors' experience with home peritoneal dialysis during the first four years of the program at the University of California-Los Angeles Center for the Health Sciences. The authors' experience suggests that continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis/continuous cycling...

  • Continuous ambulatory and continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis in children. A report of the Southwest Pediatric Nephrology Study Group.  // Kidney International;Mar1985, Vol. 27 Issue 3, p558 

    Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CCPD) have become acceptable methods of treatment for children with endstage renal disease (ESRD). In this study we have compared the effectiveness of these two modalities of prolonged dwell peritoneal...

  • Experimental observations on peritoneal transport in rabbits. Schneider, Artur L.; Wacarda, Lutz; Von Klitzing, Egbert; Kochen, Walter; Hellenbrecht, Dieter // Kidney International Supplement;Nov1983, Issue 15, pS-89 

    Peritoneal transfer kinetics of substances differing in molecular size and lipophilic properties were studied in anuric adult rabbits with ligated ureters. In conscious animals, the dialysate/plasma concentration ratios of creatinine (Cr) and inulin (In) rose exponentially up to 200 min of...

  • Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis in pediatric patients: A 20-month experience. Salusky, Isidro B.; Kopple, Joel D.; Fine, Richard N. // Kidney International Supplement;Nov1983, Issue 15, pS-101 

    Thirty-six patients aged 1.6 to 18.8 years with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) underwent continuous, ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) between August, 1980, and May, 1982. With four or five exchanges daily, the mean serum urea and creatinine levels were 75 ± 24 mg/dl and 9.2 ± 3.1...

  • Clinical outcome of children with chronic kidney disease in a pre-dialysis interdisciplinary program. Bouissou Soares, Cristina M.; Diniz, José Silvério S.; Lima, Eleonora M.; Penido Silva, Jose M.; Oliveira, Gilce R.; Canhestro, Monica R.; Colosimo, Enrico A.; Simoes e Silva, Ana Cristina; Oliveira, Eduardo A. // Pediatric Nephrology;Nov2008, Vol. 23 Issue 11, p2039 

    The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to describe the outcome of 107 patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) admitted to a pre-dialysis interdisciplinary management program from 1990 to 2006. The events of interest were progression to CKD stage 5 (renal survival), patient...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics