The Mediatization of War: A Comparison of the American and German Media Coverage of the Vietnam and Iraq Wars

Horten, Gerd
October 2011
American Journalism;Fall2011, Vol. 28 Issue 4, p29
Academic Journal
The last fifty years have seen the further expansion of the role of media during times of war. Although no longer dominated by large-scale propaganda agencies as during the two world wars, the media nevertheless have become ever more integral to the planning and conduct of wars. This article applies the concept of mediatization in an attempt to capture the ever-increasing role of the media during war times as part of an ongoing and accelerating historical process. It uses a comparative analysis to highlight the commonalities of this process as well as to emphasize national particularities. The article argues that the mediatization of war has significantly accelerated over the past fifty years and has established the media as the "fourth branch" of military operations, just as essential as the army, navy, and air force.


Related Articles

  • Leading the Charge: Media, Elites, and the Use of Emotion in Stimulating Rally Effects in Wartime. Aday, Sean // Journal of Communication;Sep2010, Vol. 60 Issue 3, p440 

    This study examines the relationship between media coverage, elite cues, and emotion in shaping public opinion about use of force. It utilizes data across three time periods: an experiment conducted in early 2005 during the Iraq War, National Election Studies data collected during the 2004 U.S....

  • Once again, war is prime time and journalism's role is taboo. Pilger, John // New Statesman;12/5/2011, Vol. 140 Issue 5082, p21 

    The article criticizes journalism during the Iraq war. The author believes a 2007 report in the newspaper "The Guardian" claiming Iran was trying to expel U.S. forces from Iraq was an instance of the U.S. military manipulating the media. He quotes attorney Phil Shiner, who says that journalists...

  • THE DEATH OF SUPPLY COLUMN 21. Halberstam, David // Columbia Journalism Review;Nov/Dec2006, Vol. 45 Issue 4, p10 

    The article focuses on Pulitzer Prize winning reporter Peter Arnett's story on Supply Column 21, a convoy meant to deliver needed food and supplies during the Vietnam War, and the attempted military cover-up that followed the operation. A brief overview of Arnett's role in the Associated Press...

  • Framing ideology: How Time magazine represents nationalism and identities through visual reporting. ROSAS-MORENO, TANIA CANTRELL; HARP, DUSTIN; BACHMANN, INGRID // Comunicación y Sociedad;2013, Vol. 26 Issue 3, p1 

    Visual images in news photographs guide individuals' understandings of people, places and events, especially when news audiences are unable to personally experience those represented images. When 41 Time newsmagazine covers from the first five years of the U.S.-led war on Iraq are considered...

  • “Our Worst Enemy Seems to Be the Press”: TV News, the Nixon Administration, and U.S. Troop Withdrawal from Vietnam, 1969–1973. Pach, Chester // Diplomatic History;Jun2010, Vol. 34 Issue 3, p555 

    The article discusses the role of U.S. television journalism in the Vietnam War and the military policy of president Richard M. Nixon. The author reflects on accusations from Nixon against journalists that they focused on defeat and did not attribute withdrawal of forces to his policy of...

  • The other living-room war: Prime time combat series, 1962-1975. Worland, Rick // Journal of Film & Video;Fall98, Vol. 50 Issue 3, p3 

    Examines the indirect representations and ideologies of the American involvement in the Vietnam War by prime time network television. Analysis on war television series `MASH,' produced by CBS, `Combat' and `The Rat Patrol,' produced by ABC; Impact of war series on viewers and the government;...

  • Richard Falk: Subjectivity and Wartime Journalism. Falk, Richard // Guernica: A Magazine of Art & Politics;Aug2015, p1 

    The article explores the subjectivity and wartime journalism in the peaceful resolution of Vietnam War.

  • NORDICOM Review 2/1992. Carlsson, Ulla // NORDICOM Review;1992, Issue 2, p1 

    An introduction is presented in which the editor discusses the Persian Gulf War coverage by Danish, Finnish, Norwegian and Swedish news media.

  • The Gulf War: As Reality and Fiction. SOCSTAD, KNUT // NORDICOM Review;1992, Issue 2, p19 

    The article focuses on the coverage of the events through empirical observations by the Norwegian News Agency (NTB) during the course of the Persian Gulf War. It states that the news media provide a conflicting and inconsistent information during the war. It says that the NTB coverage fall into...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics