TITLE

Source apportionment of the carbonaceous aerosol in Norway -- quantitative estimates based on 14C, thermal-optical and organic tracer analysis

AUTHOR(S)
Yttri, K. E.; Simpson, D.; Stenström, K.; Puxbaum, H.; Svendby, T.
PUB. DATE
September 2011
SOURCE
Atmospheric Chemistry & Physics;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 17, p9375
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
In the present study, source apportionment of the ambient summer and winter time paniculate carbonaceous matter (PCM) in aerosol particles (PM1 and PM10) has been conducted for the Norwegian urban and rural background environment. Statistical treatment of data from thermal-optical, 14C and organic tracer analysis using Latin Hypercube Sampling has allowed for quantitative estimates of seven different sources contributing to the ambient carbonaceous aerosol. These are: elemental carbon from combustion of biomass (ECbb) and fossil fuel (ECff), primary and secondary organic carbon arising from combustion of biomass (OCbb) and fossil fuel (OCff), primary biological aerosol panicles (OCPBAP, which includes plant debris, OCpbc, and fungal spores, OCpbs), and secondary organic aerosol from biogenic precursors (OCBSOA). Our results show that emissions from natural sources were particularly abundant in summer, and with a more pronounced influence at the rural compared to the urban background site. 80% of total carbon (TCp, corrected for the positive artefact) in PM10 and ca. 70% of TCp in PM1 could be attributed to natural sources at the rural background site in summer. Natural sources account for about 50% of TCp in PM10 at the urban background site as well. The natural source contribution was always dominated by OCBSOA, regardless of season, site and size fraction. During winter anthropogenic sources totally dominated the carbonaceous aerosol (80-90%). Combustion of biomass contributed slightly more than fossil-fuel sources in winter, whereas emissions from fossil-fuel sources were more abundant in summer. Mass closure calculations show that PCM made significant contributions to the mass concentration of the ambient PM regardless of size fraction, season, and site. A larger fraction of PM1 (ca. 40-60%.) was accounted for by carbonaceous matter compared to PM10 (ca. 40-50 %), but only by a small margin. In general, there were no pronounced differences in the relative contribution of carbonaceous matter to PM with respect to season or between the two sites.
ACCESSION #
69822228

 

Related Articles

  • Source apportionment of the summer time carbonaceous aerosol at Nordic rural background sites. Yttri, K. E.; Simpson, D.; Nøjgaard, J. K.; Kristensen, K.; Genberg, J.; Stenström, K.; Swietlicki, E.; Hillamo, R.; Aurela, M.; Bauer, H.; Offenberg, J. H.; Jaoui, M.; Dye, C.; Eckhardt, S.; Burkhart, J. F.; Stohl, A.; Glasius, M. // Atmospheric Chemistry & Physics Discussions;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 6, p16369 

    In the present study, natural and anthropogenic sources of particulate organic carbon (OCp) and elemental carbon (EC) have been quantified based on weekly filter samples of PM10 collected at four Nordic rural background sites (Birkenes (Norway), Hyytiälä (Finland) Vavihill (Sweden), Lille...

  • Chemical characterization and source apportionment of PM2.5 in Beijing: seasonal perspective. Zhang, R.; Jing, J.; Tao, J.; Hsu, S. -C.; Wang, G.; Cao, J.; Lee, C. S. L.; Zhu, L.; Chen, Z.; Zhao, Y. // Atmospheric Chemistry & Physics Discussions;2013, Vol. 13 Issue 4, p9953 

    In this study, 121 daily PM2.5 (aerosol particle with aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 μm) samples were collected from an urban site in Beijing in four months between April 2009 and January 2010 representing the four seasons. The samples were determined for various compositions, including...

  • Diurnal variations of ambient particulate wood burning emissions and their contribution to the concentration of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Seiffen, Germany. Poulain, L.; Iinuma, Y.; Müller, K.; Birmili, W.; Weinhold, K.; Brüggemann, E.; Gnauk, T.; Hausmann, A.; Löschau, G.; Wiedensohler, A.; Herrmann, H. // Atmospheric Chemistry & Physics;2011 Part 1, Vol. 11 Issue 24, p12697 

    Residential wood burning is becoming an increasingly important cause of air quality problems since it has become a popular source of alternative energy to fossil fuel. In order to characterize the contribution of residential wood burning to local particle pollution, a field campaign was...

  • Source Apportionment of the Atmospheric Aerosol in Lahore, Pakistan. Raja, Suresh; Biswas, Karabi F.; Husain, Liaquat; Hopke, Philip K. // Water, Air & Soil Pollution;May2010, Vol. 208 Issue 1-4, p43 

    Samples of airborne particulate matter (PM2.5) were collected at a site in Lahore, Pakistan from November 2005 to January 2006. A total of 129 samples were collected using an Andersen Reference Ambient Air Sampler 2.5-400 sampler and analyzed for major ions, trace metals, and organic and...

  • Conversion of an existing electrostatic precipitator casing to Pulse Jet Fabric filter in fossil power plants. Manzano-Agugliaro, Francisco; Carrillo-Valle, Javier // Dyna;Feb2016, Vol. 83 Issue 195, p189 

    The combustion process of power generation plants originates particulates. There are different technologies to collecting particulate such as electrostatic precipitators (ESPs) or fabric filters. Currently, these ESPs take 25 or 35 years in service and if the performance expectations of their...

  • Coupling field and laboratory measurements to estimate the emission factors of identified and unidentified trace gases for prescribed fires. Yokelson, R. J.; Burling, I. R.; Gilman, J. B.; Warneke, C.; Stockwell, C. E.; de Gouw, J.; Akagi, S. K.; Urbanski, S. P.; Veres, P.; Roberts, J. M.; Kuster, W. C.; Reardon, J.; Griffith, D. W. T.; Johnson, T. J.; Hosseini, S.; Miller, J. W.; Cocker III, D. R.; Jung, H.; Weise, D. R. // Atmospheric Chemistry & Physics;2013, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p89 

    An extensive program of experiments focused on biomass burning emissions began with a laboratory phase in which vegetative fuels commonly consumed in prescribed fires were collected in the southeastern and southwestern US and burned in a series of 71 fires at the US Forest Service Fire Sciences...

  • Carbonaceous aerosol AAE inferred from in-situ aerosol measurements at the Gosan ABC super site, and the implications for brown carbon aerosol. Chung, C. E.; Kim, S.-W.; Lee, M.; Yoon, S.-C.; Lee, S. // Atmospheric Chemistry & Physics Discussions;2012, Vol. 12 Issue 2, p4507 

    Carbon mass of aerosols and its division between EC and OC sources were continuously measured at hourly intervals from October 2009 to June 2010. During this 9-month period, we also measured the aerosol absorption coeficient at 7 wavelengths and obtained PM mass density data at 1-h resolution....

  • Receptor modelling of secondary and carbonaceous particulate matter at a southern UK site. Charron, A.; Degrendele, C.; Laongsri, B.; Harrison, R. M. // Atmospheric Chemistry & Physics;2013, Vol. 13 Issue 4, following p1879 

    Complementary approaches have been taken to better understand the sources and their spatial distribution for secondary inorganic (nitrate and sulphate) and secondary organic aerosol sampled at a rural site (Harwell) in the southern United Kingdom. A concentration field map method was applied to...

  • Airborne measurements of trace gas and aerosol particle emissions from biomass burning in Amazonia. Guyon, P.; Frank, G.; Welling, M.; Chand, D.; Artaxo, P.; Rizzo, L.; Nishioka, G.; Kolle, O.; Fritsch, H.; Silva Dias, M. A. F.; Gatti, L. V.; Cordova, M.; Andreae, M. O. // Atmospheric Chemistry & Physics Discussions;2005, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p2791 

    As part of the LBA-SMOCC (Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia -- Smoke, Aerosols, Clouds, Rainfall, and Climate) 2002 campaign, we studied the emission of carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), and aerosol particles from Amazonian deforestation fires using an...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics