CO2e emissions from HVAC equipment and lifetime operation for common U.S. building types

Aik Jong Tan; Nutter, Darin W.
May 2011
International Journal of Energy & Environment;2011, Vol. 2 Issue 3, p415
Academic Journal
Greenhouse gas emissions associated with the lifetime operational energy use and equipment manufacture of the heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning equipment for ten common commercial building types were presented. The influence of operating the building in several different climate regions were included in the analysis. Emission factors for natural gas and each of the three North American Electric Reliability Corporation major interconnections were used. Results found emissions associated with a building's lifetime operational energy use were dominant compared to those from the equipment manufacture and production which ranged from 1.9 - 4.2%. Primary factors that influenced the emission rates were found to be regional electrical emission factors, building type, and climate.


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