Contreras, Katiuska Santana; Domínguez, Yulanka Castro; Cedano Féliz, Imelda M.
October 2010
Ciencia y Sociedad;2010, Vol. 35 Issue 4, p598
Academic Journal
Many children with mild hearing loss may seem to their parents and teachers as hyperactive, distracted, not paying attention, or having a difficult process of learning. If this hearing loss is not detected, the school performance of these children can be affected. In the present study we found 12% of mild hearing loss in students, mostly due to unilateral involvement (75% of cases). There was a significantly greater proportion of hearing impaired students below the average school performance (=76.8 points, p = 0.012). Ear wax blockage and otitis media with effusion, were the most common findings; in terms of background, chronic otitis media, wax blockage and foreign bodies were the most commonly found. This study suggests that hearing deficits, even when mild, can significantly affect the average school performance. The main causes in this population appear to be alterations in outer and middle ear that affect the sound transmission, such as cerumen wad and otitis media. Parents and teachers fail to identify most of those affected. We recommend the implementation of hearing screening programs in school age children in the country.


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