'Sodomitical Sins are Threefold': Typologies of Bestiality, Masturbation, and Homosexuality in Sweden, 1880-1950

Rydstr�m, Jens
July 2000
Journal of the History of Sexuality;Jul2000, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p240
Academic Journal
Most people lived in cities, where they no longer observed rural traditions. The strict hierarchical order of the old society had eroded: a workers' movement had succeeded in negotiating rules for the labor market, and women had entered the workforce The Church, while keeping many of its privileges, was reduced to being a moral lobbying organization. In the Scandinavian countries, the groundwork was laid for building the welfare State � a significant change, which is essential for understanding social and cultural developments in this region. There is a vast body of research on the Scandinavian welfare states, their history, typology, structures and institutions. Obviously, the results and implications of this research depend on how welfare state is defined. The author prefers to use the term in a wide sense, referring to a society that relied upon consensual politics, strove for equality, believed scientific methods could solve social problems, valued professionals, and accepted the legitimacy of an interventionist regulatory state.


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