TITLE

Gender-wise analysis of the cephalometric factors affecting obstructive sleep apnea

AUTHOR(S)
Sang-Hee Hwang
PUB. DATE
June 2011
SOURCE
Korean Journal of Orthodontics / Daehan ci'gwa gyojeong haghoeji;Jun2011, Vol. 41 Issue 3, p164
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Objective: The purpose of this study was to perform gender-wise analysis of the related cephalometric factors affecting Korean patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Methods: We examined 118 adults who had visited the Sleep Disorder Clinic Center in Keimyung university, Daegu, Korea, and evaluated them by using polysomnography (PSG) and lateral cephalograms. The patients were divided into 4 groups (male simple snorers, male OSA patients, female simple snorers, and female OSA patients) according to AHI (apnea-hypopnea index) and sex. Results: The position of the hyoid bone in the female OSA group was inferior to that in the female simple snorer group. Multiple regression analysis showed that tongue length and soft palate width were significant determinants for the severity of AHI in male OSA patients. However, inferior position of the hyoid was a significant determinant only in women. Conclusions: From a cephalometric point of view, OSA in male and female adult patients may be characterized by different pathogeneses. In particular, in female OSA patients, they might be managed by individualized treatments such as hormone replacement therapy in addition to conventional treatment. (Korean J Orthod 2011;41(3):164-173)
ACCESSION #
65053046

 

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