Two Approaches to Organizational Analysis: A Critique and a Suggestion

Etzioni, Amitai
September 1960
Administrative Science Quarterly;Sep60, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p257
Academic Journal
The often-used goal model for measuring effectiveness is criticized. A system model is suggested and its advantages over the goal model specified. Mainly, the system model is theoretically more powerful and avoids certain value judgments. Two system models are compared: an often-used survival model and a rarely applied effectiveness model. The impact of either one on social action is briefly outlined.


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