TITLE

Arthroplasty with a Metal Radial Head for Unreconstructible Fractures of the Radial Head

AUTHOR(S)
Moro, Jaydeep K.; Werier, Joel; MacDermid, Joy C.; Patterson, Stuart D.; King, Graham J.W.
PUB. DATE
August 2001
SOURCE
Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, American Volume;Aug2001, Vol. 83-A Issue 8, p1201
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Treatment of unreconstructible comminuted fractures of the radial head remains controversial. There is limited information on the outcome of management of these injuries with arthroplasty with a metal radial head implant. Methods: The functional outcomes of arthroplasties with a metal radial head implant for the treatment of twenty-five displaced, unreconstructible fractures of the radial head in twenty-four consecutive patients (mean age, fifty-four years) were evaluated at a mean of thirty-nine months (minimum, two years). There were ten Mason type-III and fifteen Mason-Johnston type-IV injuries. Two of these injuries were isolated, and twenty-three were associated with other elbow fractures and/or ligamentous injuries. Results: At the time of follow-up, Short Form-36 (SF-36) summary scores suggested that overall health-related quality of life was within the normal range (physical component = 47 ± 10, and mental component = 49 ± 13). Other outcome scales indicated mild disability of the upper extremity (Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand score = 17 ± 19), wrist (Patient-Rated Wrist Evaluation score = 17 ± 21 and Wrist Outcome Score = 60 ± 10), and elbow (Mayo Elbow Performance Index = 80 ± 16). According to the Mayo Elbow Performance Index, three results were graded as poor; five, as fair; and seventeen, as good or excellent. The poor and fair outcomes were associated with concomitant injury in two patients, a history of a psychiatric disorder in three, comorbidity in two, a Workers' Compensation claim in two, and litigation in one. Subjective patient satisfaction averaged 9.2 on a scale of 1 to 10. Elbow flexion of the injured extremity averaged 140° ± 9°; extension, -8° ± 7° pronation, 78° ± 9°; and supination, 68° ± 10°. A significant loss of elbow flexion and extension and of forearm supination occurred in the affected extremity, which...
ACCESSION #
5977286

 

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