Rychard, Andrzej
September 1980
International Studies of Management & Organization;Fall80, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p27
Academic Journal
This article presents information on politics and economics of Polish economic reforms in the years 1973-1975 which is known as the large economic organizations reform. The management system of the economic organizations in Poland, as in the other socialist countries, is an institution on the borderline between politics and economy. It is a political instrument of control and regulation of the economy, and as such channels the political and ideological interests of the ruling class and expresses the structure of power. The reforms consisted of the introduction of a new accounting system into economic organizations. The immediate goal was to enhance effectiveness through increasing the autonomy of the economic units. New indices for evaluating the functioning of organizations were introduced in order to make salaries and premiums dependent on real economic output. This was accompanied by institutional changes. This paper presents the conclusions drawn from research carried out during the reform in industrial organizations in the years 1974-1976. The history of this reform was the history of its modifications, which in part prevented implementation of the initial assumptions of the reform, such as, for example, the increased autonomy of large economic organizations.


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