Vianello, Mino
March 1978
International Studies of Management & Organization;Spring/Summer78, Vol. 8 Issue 1/2, p142
Academic Journal
The article focuses on issues related to organizational sociology and organizational structure. All authors who deal with organization theory sooner or later run into the problem of authority and, consequently, of hierarchy. In spite of differences in approach, the essence of their solutions to this problem is the same. In substance, authority is seen as one of the means necessary to counteract the tendency of an organization to disintegrate and to fall prey to chaos. People's behavior must be made to conform to patterns that are specific for the different roles that make up an organization. The more complex an organization, the more urgent this becomes. This is therefore the case with all modern organizations, in which the problem of coordination becomes of overwhelming importance. Hierarchy is thus an essential feature of formal complex organizations. It implies that within the organization there is an acceptance of the authority the occupant of one office has over the occupant of another.


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