Arguments Involving AIDS Testing in the Workplace

Myers, Donald W.; Myers, Phyllis S.
September 1987
Labor Law Journal;Sep87, Vol. 38 Issue 9, p582
Academic Journal
The article examines reasons that employers in the United States have for conducting HIV tests on employees and applicants for employment. In addition, the article examines the types, costs, and limitations of tests being used. Finally, the use of tests in an employment setting is analyzed with regard to the reasons for screening for other purposes. The HIV attacks and kills helper T cells, whose function in the immune system is to identify foreign microorganisms and then travel to the spleen and the lymph nodes to prompt other cells to attack the invaders. This group of researchers also believes that higher incidence rates of AIDS cannot be ruled out based upon current information. All persons who have the virus are considered capable of transmitting the virus to others. AIDS is a fatal disease since 80 percent of victims die within two years and virtually all victims die within three years. One victim is known to be surviving the disease after five years. The principal public health reason for virus testing is to prevent the spread of the disease. The reason for such testing is because some infected individuals, who do not have any symptoms of the disease, may be unknowingly spreading it to others.


Related Articles

  • State looks to increase HIV testing.  // Gay & Lesbian Times;8/31/2006, Issue 975, p35 

    The article reports on the efforts to increase awareness about the need to be tested for HIV in Wyoming. State health officials are hoping that the National HIV Testing Day would increase HIV testing awareness. The article reveals that at least three people who died or showed up at a doctor's...

  • The GP role in diagnosing HIV.  // Pulse;3/19/2005, Vol. 65 Issue 11, p60 

    Discusses the role of general practitioners (GP) in the diagnosis of HIV infection in Great Britain. Need to prioritize the reduction of the number of people affected by the disease; Importance for the GP to consider the symptoms of the patient; Presentation of the clinical conditions associated...

  • The Impact of HIV and Malaria Coinfection: What Is Known and Suggested Venues for Further Study. Hochman, Sarah; Kim, Kami // Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases;2009, p1 

    HIV and malaria have similar global distributions. Annually, 500 million are infected and 1 million die because of malaria. 33 million have HIV and 2 million die from it each year. Minor effects of one infection on the disease course or outcome for the other would significantly impact public...

  • Lessons Learned about Behavioral Science and Acute/Early HIV Infection. The NIMH Multisite Acute HIV Infection Study: V. Kelly, Jeffrey A.; Morin, Stephen F.; Remien, Robert H.; Steward, Wayne T.; Higgins, Jenny A.; Seal, David W.; Dubrow, Robert; Atkinson, J. H.; Kerndt, Peter R.; Pinkerton, Steven D.; Mayer, Kenneth; Sikkema, Kathleen J. // AIDS & Behavior;Dec2009, Vol. 13 Issue 6, p1068 

    Acute/early HIV infection is a period of heightened HIV transmission and a window of opportunity for intervention to prevent onward disease transmission. The NIMH Multisite Acute HIV Infection (AHI) Study was an exploratory initiative aimed at determining the feasibility of recruiting persons...

  • twenty years of HIV monitoring. McDonald, Ann; Kaldor, John // HIV Australia;Sep-Nov2003, Vol. 3 Issue 1, p27 

    Describes changes in methods used to monitor the pattern of HIV transmission in Australia. Information on AIDS cases in 1982; Establishment of a sentinel HIV/AIDS surveillance method; Modifications being made to the surveillance used in 1992.

  • District effort urges residents to know their HIV status. Johnson, Teddi Dineley // Nation's Health;Sep2006, Vol. 36 Issue 7, p8 

    The article focuses on a campaign launched in the District of Columbia to encourage all its residents to participate in HIV screening. Because of the prevalence of HIV/AIDS in the city, officials did not wait for new testing guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to...

  • Time to move towards opt-out testing for HIV in the UK. Hamill, M.; Burgonie, K.; Farrell, F.; Hemelaar, J.; Patel, G.; Welchew, D.E.; Jaffe, H.W. // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);6/30/2007, Vol. 334 Issue 7608, p1352 

    The article presents the authors' opinions on opt-out HIV testing in Great Britain. Arguments are presented which suggest that because undiagnosed HIV infected persons risk progression to serious illness and even death, and are capable of transmitting their infections to others, early diagnosis...

  • Diagnosis of Early HIV-1 Infection. Suarez, Adrian A.; Sokol-Anderson, Marcia L.; Creer, Michael; Taylor, James F.; Ritter, Detlef // AIDS Patient Care & STDs;May2001, Vol. 15 Issue 5, p237 

    The diagnosis of acute infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) presents a challenge for the primary care provider. We present a case of early HIV infection and discuss the limitations of the currently established diagnostic algorithm for HIV infection. We conclude that alternative...

  • Sociodemographic context of the AIDS epidemic in a rural area in Tanzania with a focus on people's mobility and marriage. J T Boerma // Sexually Transmitted Infections;Apr2002, Vol. 78 Issue 0, pi97 

    This analysis focuses on how sociocultural and economic characteristics of a poor semi-urban and rural population (Kisesa ward) in north west Tanzania may directly and indirectly affect the epidemiology of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STI). Poverty and sociocultural changes may...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics