Arguments Involving AIDS Testing in the Workplace

Myers, Donald W.; Myers, Phyllis S.
September 1987
Labor Law Journal;Sep87, Vol. 38 Issue 9, p582
Academic Journal
The article examines reasons that employers in the United States have for conducting HIV tests on employees and applicants for employment. In addition, the article examines the types, costs, and limitations of tests being used. Finally, the use of tests in an employment setting is analyzed with regard to the reasons for screening for other purposes. The HIV attacks and kills helper T cells, whose function in the immune system is to identify foreign microorganisms and then travel to the spleen and the lymph nodes to prompt other cells to attack the invaders. This group of researchers also believes that higher incidence rates of AIDS cannot be ruled out based upon current information. All persons who have the virus are considered capable of transmitting the virus to others. AIDS is a fatal disease since 80 percent of victims die within two years and virtually all victims die within three years. One victim is known to be surviving the disease after five years. The principal public health reason for virus testing is to prevent the spread of the disease. The reason for such testing is because some infected individuals, who do not have any symptoms of the disease, may be unknowingly spreading it to others.


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