Nursing Home Residents with HIV and Anemia

Buchanan, Robert J.; Wang, Suojin; Huang, Chunfeng
July 2001
AIDS Patient Care & STDs;Jul2001, Vol. 15 Issue 7, p373
Academic Journal
This research profiles nursing home residents who have human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and anemia at the time of admission, utilizing the minimum data set (MDS). In addition, this article compares residents with HIV and anemia to other nursing home residents with HIV. These resident profiles include sociodemographic characteristics, health status measures, and special treatments and procedures received. This study analyzed 1,281 admission assessments for HIV residents with anemia and 3,832 admission assessments for other residents with HIV in the MDS between June 22, 1998 and January 17, 2000. A significantly greater percentage of HIV residents with anemia were female (38.6%) compared to other residents with HIV (27.9% female). Almost two-thirds of HIV residents with anemia and three-quarters of other residents with HIV received Medicaid coverage at the time of their admission to the nursing home. Approximately 3 of every 4 residents with HIV and anemia and other residents with HIV were from racial/ethnic minority groups. Significantly greater percentages of residents with HIV and anemia also had dementia, depression, pneumonia, hepatitis, renal failure, anxiety disorder, and cancer than other residents with HIV. These analyses demonstrate that at the time of admission to the nursing home, those residents with HIV and anemia were significantly more likely to have other diseases, infections, and health care conditions than other residents with HIV. In addition, HIV residents with anemia were significantly more likely to receive special treatments and procedures in the nursing home than other residents with HIV.


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