TITLE

Sexual Risk Reduction Interventions for Patients Attending Sexually Transmitted Disease Clinics in the United States: A Meta-Analytic Review, 1986 to Early 2009

AUTHOR(S)
Scott-Sheldon, Lori A. J.; Fielder, Robyn L.; Carey, Michael P.
PUB. DATE
October 2010
SOURCE
Annals of Behavioral Medicine;Oct2010, Vol. 40 Issue 2, p191
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Sexually transmitted disease (STD) patients are more likely to experience a future STD including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of behavioral interventions to reduce sexual risk behavior and incident STDs among patients attending STD clinics in the United States. A meta-analysis of 32 studies with 48 separate interventions targeting STD patients ( N = 67,538) was conducted. Independent raters coded study, sample, and intervention characteristics. Effect sizes, using both fixed- and random-effects models, were calculated. Potential moderators of intervention efficacy were assessed. Relative to controls, intervention participants increased their condom use and had fewer incident STDs, including HIV, across assessment intervals ( ds ranging from 0.05 to 0.64). Several sample (e.g., age and ethnicity) and intervention features (e.g., targeting intervention to a specific group) moderated the efficacy of the intervention. Behavioral interventions targeted to STD clinic patients reduce sexual risk behavior and prevent HIV/STDs. Widespread use of behavioral interventions in STD clinics should be a public health priority.
ACCESSION #
53505485

 

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