Tilindienė, Ilona; Valantinienė, Irena; Murauskaitė, Dovilė; Stupuris, Tomas
May 2010
Education. Physical Training. Sport;2010, Vol. 77 Issue 2, p82
Academic Journal
In school every child has to feel important and safe. But the reality is absolutely different. Lithuanian and foreign scientists indicate that in schools the scale of aggresiveness and bullying increases and, as proved by empirical research (Andreou, 2001; DeRosier, 2004; Palujanskienė, Uzdila, 2004; Povilaitis, Valiukevičiūtė, 2004; Christian, Kashiwagi, 2007; Carlson, Cornell, 2008; Zaborskis, Vareikienė, 2008 and others), there are children who constantly experience bullying by coevals at school. However, researchers (Graziano, 2003; Haddock, 2006) maintain that it would be more important to know what individual and social cognitive processes are linked bullying resolution, rather than phenomenon bullying which has already been sufficiently studied. Aim of the research was to disclose the relation between athletes and non-athletes adolescents self-esteem level and bullying. Research object was the relation between the athletes and non-athletes adolescents' self-esteem level and bullying. In the interview, respondents were 386 (12-15 year) adolescents (athletes and non-athletes) from Kaunas and Prienai secondary and sport schools. The questionnaire was prepared on the basis of Bullyings Questionnaire for Schoolboys / girls (2008), and Shostroms' method of self-esteem. Results. We found that athletes adolescents suffered less bullying than non-athletes (p < 0.01). However, their gender produced statistically significant differences between experienced bullying: we established them only between athlete and non-athlete boys (p < 0,01) (the latter suffered from bullying more often). The study showed that experienced bullying by adolescents was linked to medium and low self-assesment. The subjects who initiated bullying themselves, also had an average level of self-assesment, but athlete boys' self-esteem was high. Statistically significant self-assesment differences were only between athlete and nonathlete boys (p < 0.05).


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