TITLE

Oil and Gas Development in the Arctic: Softening of Ice Demands Hardening of International Law

AUTHOR(S)
Casper, Kristin Noelle
PUB. DATE
June 2009
SOURCE
Natural Resources Journal;Summer/Fall2010, Vol. 49 Issue 3/4, p825
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The melting of Arctic sea ice, caused by climate change, presents opportunities for access to .new oil and gas reserves in the Arctic. With access comes the risk of damaging the unique and fragile Arctic environment and threatening already vulnerable Arctic communities and indigenous peoples. This article focuses primarily on the rights of Arctic coastal states to explore and exploit oil and gas on their continental shelves, their obligations in conducting such activities, and particular conditions under which exploration and exploitation of Arctic resources should be prohibited. According to the 2008 Ilulissat Declaration, the current position of Arctic coastal states is that there is no need to develop a new comprehensive international regime for the Arctic. However, the existing soft law arrangements for the Arctic and the international agreements and principles pertaining to the Arctic do not provide sufficient protection for the Arctic marine environment from the adverse impacts of new oil and gas exploration and exploitation. A better approach for the Arctic coastal states is to develop a regional legally binding agreement that regulates oil and gas development on the Arctic coastal states' continental shelves. The Arctic is facing a complete meltdown-new pressures demand a new agreement.
ACCESSION #
52282990

 

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