TITLE

LES REPRÉSENTATIONS DE LA TERRITORIALITÉ ET DU PLURILINGUISME DANS LES CANTONS BILINGUES

AUTHOR(S)
Meune, Manuel
PUB. DATE
April 2010
SOURCE
Politique et Sociétés;2010, Vol. 29 Issue 1, p115
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
By recognizing themselves in the Swiss nation, the four official language groups make of the Swiss mosaic a genuine political nation. For many, the cement of this mosaic is the "territorial principle" (a citizen must use the official language of a given territory), which is said to provide a feeling of cultural security. Yet, more often that one might think, this principle coexists with the "personal principle" (a citizen chooses the language of communication with authorities), and it cannot in itself settle conflicts related to language contact, some of which, in certain cantons, can be as passionate as nationality conflicts. Thus, we want to look into the cantonal level, where conflicts generally have to be resolved, in order to assess linguistic representations in Switzerland, in regard to territoriality and linguistic homogeneity, but also, more generally, to multilingualism. This paper proposes to study how municipal counsellors in French/German bilingual cantons (Bern, Fribourg, Valais) perceive multilingualism, in their municipality, in their canton, as well as in Switzerland. Depending on identity strategies, on the cantonal belonging and the belonging to a minority or a majority linguistic group (at the cantonal or national level), the discourses can vary considerably when one approaches certain topics—be it the individual or institutional bilingualism, language teaching, or the status of diglossia (coexistence between a standard language and dialects).
ACCESSION #
51773412

 

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