Secular Trends of Obesity in Iran Between 1999 and 2007: National Surveys of Risk Factors of Non-Communicable Diseases

Alireza Esteghamati; Omid Khalilzadeh; Kazem Mohammad; Alipasha Meysamie; Armin Rashidi; Mandana Kamgar; Mehrshad Abbasi; Fereshteh Asgari; Mehrdad Haghazali
June 2010
Metabolic Syndrome & Related Disorders;Jun2010, Vol. 8 Issue 3, p209
Academic Journal
AbstractBackground:Obesity is a rapidly progressing pandemic and a central feature of the metabolic syndrome. There is no solid evidence on the recent trends of obesity in Iran. In this study we present the secular trends of overweight and obesity among Iranian adults (25–64 years old) within an 8-year period (1999–2007).Methods:The analyses were performed on the datasets of three cross-sectional national surveys: The National Health Survey–1999 (n= 21,576), National Surveys of Risk Factors for Non-Communicable Diseases (SuRFNCD)–2005 (n= 70,945), and SuRFNCD–2007 (n= 4,186).Results:The overall prevalence of obesity increased from 13.6% in 1999 to 19.6% in 2005 and 22.3% in 2007 [odds ratio (OR) = 1.08 per year; P< 0.001]. For overweight subjects, the rates were, respectively, 32.2%, 35.8% and 36.3% (OR = 1.02 per year; P< 0.001). During these years, the mean body mass index (BMI) (kg/m2) increased from 25.03 in 1999, to 26.14 in 2005, and 26.47 and 2007 (P< 0.001). The increase in prevalence of obesity was seen in both males (OR = 1.09 per year; P< 0.001) and females (OR = 1.07 per year; P< 0.001) and both urban (OR = 1.07 per year; P< 0.001) and rural (OR = 1.10 per year; P< 0.001) residents.Conclusions:In conclusion, the present study highlighted the rapid growth of obesity during recent years in Iran. Our findings indicate the crucial necessity of primary prevention programs to counteract this undesired condition.


Related Articles

  • Obesity. Meyer, Brenda // Lake Country Journal;Sep/Oct2009, Vol. 13 Issue 5, p50 

    The article offers information on the risks related to obesity in the U.S. Obesity is a condition with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or more, which is calculated from the person's weight and height. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the rate of obesity levels in the country is...

  • BMI a Substantial Contributor to Rising Prevelance of Diabetes.  // Chain Drug Review;9/29/2014, Vol. 36 Issue 15, p74 

    The article reports on a study regarding the influence of body mass index (BMI) in the prevalence of obesity and diabetes.

  • Study of clinical parameters and laboratory evaluation of metabolic syndrome in adolescents. Imran, Ayesha; Yelikar, Nitin Avinash; Agarkhedkar, Sharad; Mane, Shailaja // Medical Journal of Dr. D.Y. Patil University;Nov/Dec2015, Vol. 8 Issue 6, p729 

    Introduction: Worldwide incidence of obesity is rising. Genetic predisposition, urbanization, sedentary lifestyle, television watching, food habits, and lack of exercise are contributing factors. They result in obesity-related morbidity like metabolic syndrome, stroke in young, coronary artery...

  • THE PREVALENCE OF THE METABOLIC SYNDROME AND ITS COMPONENTS IN A RURAL COMMUNITY. Mihalache, L.; Graur, L. I.; Popescu, D. S.; Boiculese, L.; Badiu, C.; Graur, M. // Acta Endocrinologica (1841-0987);Oct-Dec2012, Vol. 8 Issue 4, p595 

    Background. The literature contains several definitions of the metabolic syndrome, different from one another through the components included and the reference ranges considered normal. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its components in a rural...

  • Association between Childhood Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome: Evidence from a Large Sample of Chinese Children and Adolescents. Fangfang Chen; Youfa Wang; Xiaoyi Shan; Hong Cheng; Dongqing Hou; Xiaoyuan Zhao; Tianyou Wang; Di Zhao; Jie Mi // PLoS ONE;Oct2012, Vol. 7 Issue 10, Special section p1 

    Data about metabolic syndrome (MetS) in children is limited in China. We aimed to assess the prevalence of MetS related components, and their association with obesity. Data were collected as part of a representative study on MetS among 19593 children, aged 6--18 years old in Beijing. General...

  • Patterns of Obesity Among Men and Women In Rhode Island In 2007. Risica, Patricia Markham; Hesser, Jana; Yongwen Jiang; Taylor, Kathleen // Medicine & Health Rhode Island;Dec2009, Vol. 92 Issue 12, p420 

    The article discusses male and female obesity rates in Rhode Island as of 2007. It notes that there is a significant increase in overweight adults in Rhode Island and in the U.S. which have huge implications on associated diseases, health care costs, and loss of productivity. It defines...

  • Recommended Community Strategies and Measurements to Prevent Obesity in the United States. Khan, Laura Kettel; Sobush, Kathleen; Keener, Dana; Goodman, Kenneth; Lowry, Amy; Kakietek, Jakub; Zaro, Susan // MMWR Recommendations & Reports;7/24/2009, Vol. 58 Issue RR-7, p1 

    Approximately two thirds of U.S. adults and one fifth of U.S. children are obese or overweight. During 1980-2004, obesity prevalence among U.S. adults doubled, and recent data indicate an estimated 33% of U.S. adults are overweight (body mass index [BMI] 25.0-29.9), 34% are obese (BMI...

  • ASSOCIATION BETWEEN SELF-REPORTED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND OBESITY AMONG WHITE, BLACK, HISPANIC, AND ASIAN AMERICANS: 2007 AND 2009 BRFSS. Soyang Kwon; Meme Wang; Hawkins, Marquis // Ethnicity & Disease;Spring2013, Vol. 23 Issue 2, p129 

    Objective: To examine the association between self-reported leisure-time moderateto vigorousintensity physical activity (MVPA) and obesity among non-Hispanic White, non-Hispanic Black, Hispanic, and Asian Americans. Methods: We analyzed data from 569,816 Whites, 54,521 Blacks, 44,864 Hispanics,...

  • Weight or Waist? Saini, Vikas // Prevention India;Jan2010, p4 

    In this article the author offers suggestions for estimating one's heart risk by measuring waist/hip ratio. Due to the increasing epidemic of obesity one should measure the body mass index (BMI), which has been associated with increased heart risk. Measuring the waist circumference is a good...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics