TITLE

Step Counts of 10- to 11-Year-Old Children by Ethnicity and Metropolitan Status

AUTHOR(S)
Johnson, Tyler G.; Brusseau, Timothy A.; Graser, Susan Vincent; Darst, Paul W.; Kulinna, Pamela H.
PUB. DATE
May 2010
SOURCE
Journal of Physical Activity & Health;May2010, Vol. 7 Issue 3, p355
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: The purpose of this study was to conduct a secondary analysis by combining 2 pedometer data sets to describe and analyze pedometer-determined steps/day of children by ethnicity and metropolitan status. Methods: Participants were 582 children (309 girls, 273 boys; 53% Hispanic, 26% Caucasian, 21% African American) age 10 to 11 years (M = 10.37 ± 0.48) attending 1 of 10 schools located in urban, suburban, and rural settings. Participants wore a research grade pedometer for at least 3 week/school days. Mean steps/ day were analyzed by gender, ethnicity, and metropolitan status. Results: Statistical analyses indicated 1) boys (12,853 ± 3831; P < .001) obtained significantly more steps/day than girls (10,409 ± 3136); 2) African American (10,709 ± 3386; P < .05) children accumulated significantly less steps/day than Hispanic (11,845 ± 3901) and Caucasian (11,668 ± 3369) children; and 3) urban (10,856 ± 3706; P < .05) children obtained significantly less steps/day than suburban (12,297 ± 3616) and rural (11,934 ± 3374) children. Conclusions: Findings support self-report data demonstrating reduced physical activity among African American children and youth, especially girls, and among children and youth living in urban areas. Possible reasons for these discrepancies are explored.
ACCESSION #
49385061

 

Related Articles

  • Contribution of the School Environment to Physical Fitness in Children and Youth. Kelly, Inas Rashad; Phillips, Mary Ann; Revels, Michelle; Ujamaa, Dawud // Journal of Physical Activity & Health;May2010, Vol. 7 Issue 3, p333 

    Background: This study analyzed the effect of school practices regarding the provision of physical education (PE) on the physical fitness of children and youth. Methods: Using an untapped sample of approximately 5000 5th and 7th graders from 93 schools in Georgia in 2006, individual-level and...

  • Engaging Community Providers to Create More Active After-School Environments: Results From the Ontario CATCH Kids Club Implementation Project. Sharpe, Erin K.; Forrester, Scott; Mandigo, James // Journal of Physical Activity & Health;Jan2011 Supplement 1, Vol. 8, pS26 

    Background: This paper evaluates the impact of a large-scale, community agency-driven initiative to increase physical activity (PA) in after-school programs in Ontario. In 2008, the YMCA and Boys and Girls Club (BGC) introduced CATCH Kids Club (CKC) into 330 after-school program sites. Methods:...

  • Eight-Year Secular Trends of Pedometer-Determined Physical Activity in Young Swedish Adolescents. Raustorp, Anders; Ekroth, Yvonne // Journal of Physical Activity & Health;May2010, Vol. 7 Issue 3, p369 

    Background: To explore the secular trends (time change) of pedometer-determined physical activity (steps per day) in Swedish young adolescents 13 to 14 years of age from 2000 to 2008. Methods: The study was analyzed between 2 cross-sectional cohorts carried out in October 2000 (235, 111 girls)...

  • Reliability and Validity of the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire in Vietnam. Thuy, Au Bich; Blizzard, Leigh; Schmidt, Michael; Luc, Pham Hung; Magnussen, Costan; Dwyer, Terence // Journal of Physical Activity & Health;May2010, Vol. 7 Issue 3, p410 

    Background: The Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) was developed as an improvement of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) for use in cross-cultural settings. This study compared the reliability and validity of GPAQ and IPAQ in Vietnam. Methods: 251 adults were...

  • Defining Accelerometer Thresholds for Physical Activity in Girls Using ROC Analysis. Alhassan, Sofiya; Robinson, Thomas N. // Journal of Physical Activity & Health;Jan2010, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p45 

    Background: Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis is a common method used in diagnostic and screening tests to define thresholds levels of a factor that discriminates between 2 levels of another factor. The purpose of this analysis was to use ROC analysis to determine the optimal...

  • The 6-minute walk test: normal values for children of 4-11 years of age. Lammers, A. E.; Hislop, A. A.; Flynn, Y.; Haworth, S. G. // Archives of Disease in Childhood;Jun2008, Vol. 93 Issue 6, p464 

    Objective: The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) is an established measure of exercise capacity in adults and children with chronic cardiac or respiratory disease. Despite its widespread use, there are no normal values for healthy children under 12 years of age. We aimed to provide normal values for...

  • Convergent Validity of Pedometer and Accelerometer Estimates of Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity of Youth. Beets, Michael William; Morgan, Charles F.; Banda, Jorge A.; Bornstein, Daniel; Won Byun; Mitchell, Jonathan; Munselle, Lance; Rooney, Laura; Beighle, Aaron; Erwin, Heather // Journal of Physical Activity & Health;Aug2011 Supplement, pS295 

    Background: Pedometer step-frequency thresholds (120 steps·min-1, SPM) corresponding to moderate-tovigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) have been proposed for youth. Pedometers now have internal mechanisms to record time spent at or above a user-specified SPM. If pedometers...

  • Physical Activity as a Clinical Tool in the Assessment of Malnutrition. GIRISH, M.; BHATTAD, S.; UGHADE, S.; MUJAWAR, N.; GAIKWAD, K. // Indian Pediatrics;Jun2014, Vol. 51 Issue 6, p478 

    Objective: To measure physical activity in children with wasting and to look for association between poor physical activity and wasting. Methods: Physical activity was measured in 56 children with wasting, using Children's Activity Rating Scale, and compared with age- and sex-matched controls....

  • Day Length and Weather Effects on Children's Physical Activity and Participation in Play, Sports, and Active Travel. Goodman, Anna; Paskins, James; Mackett, Roger // Journal of Physical Activity & Health;Oct2012, Vol. 9 Issue 8, p1105 

    Background: Children in primary school are more physically active in the spring/summer. Little is known about the relative contributions of day length and weather, however, or about the underlying behavioral mediators. Methods: 325 British children aged 8 to 11 wore accelerometers as an...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics