TITLE

The Migration of Poles to the European Single Market

AUTHOR(S)
Kundera, Jaroslaw
PUB. DATE
September 2009
SOURCE
Eurolimes;2009, Vol. 8, p100
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
After accession to the EU, we observed strong wave of emigration of Polish workers to the EU partners. Polish emigration rose from about 1 million before accession to a peak of 2.2- 2.5 million emigrants. The EU member states, which were among the most important destinations for Polish emigrants, included: the UK (690 thousands), Germany (490 thousands), Ireland (200 thousands), the Netherlands (98 thousands). Contrary to the popular opinion, the Poles are not the most mobile people among the European nations: in Poland emigration represents about 2% of the working population, less than in Lithuania (3,1%), in Cyprus (3%), in Romania 2,5% and, in the long run, much less than in Portugal (9%) and in Ireland (8,2%). Polish emigrants were mainly young, energetic and well educated people, who found jobs especially in the construction sector, in agriculture, in the simple services field - in the restaurants and the hotels of the host country. The main reason for emigration was an economic one: lower wages in Poland than in the EU-15 member states and lack of jobs in Poland. Although these waves of emigration had some negative consequences upon the Polish economy (for example the brain drain in the field of medicine and computer science, while some branches of industry and services started to complain about the lack of adequate labour force on the local market), the yearly transfer of money from emigrants to their mother country was higher than 2 billion euro, and even reached 4,1 billion in 2007, which benefited the Polish economy. After the financial crisis in 2008, more and more Polish people lost their jobs abroad and began to return to Poland. Among the Polish emigrants in UK, one third declared their willingness to come back to Poland.
ACCESSION #
48496611

 

Related Articles

  • Migration: the economic context and implications.  // OECD Economic Surveys: Mexico;Jan2004, Vol. 2003, p125 

    Analyzes the economic effects of migration in Mexico. Characteristics of migration in the country; Examination into the country's migration policies; Influence on labor market and human capital; Economic impact of smuggling.

  • Wirtschaftliche Konsequenzen der globalen Migration aus der Sicht der Sendeländer. Inotia, András // Südost-Europa;2009, Vol. 57 Issue 4, p340 

    This paper deals with global tendencies of migration. It points out that, for several reasons, in comparison with commodities, services, technology, not to mention capital, labour is still the least liberalized production factor. Nevertheless, migration pressure, international competition and...

  • La situation économique des immigrants au Québec. Cousineau, Jean-Michel; Boudarbat, Brahim // Relations Industrielles / Industrial Relations;Spring2009, Vol. 64 Issue 2, p230 

    A large body of literature has documented a steep deterioration in the economic performance of immigrants in Canada. With very few exceptions, however, existing studies only address the situation at the national (Canadian) level. To our knowledge, the economic performance of immigrants at the...

  • The contribution of immigration to prosperity can be raised further.  // OECD Economic Surveys: Switzerland;Nov2007, Vol. 2007 Issue 19, p117 

    Situated in the centre of Europe, Switzerland is among the OECD countries with the largest proportion of foreigners in the population. This immigration, which is closely linked to the attractive economic situation of the country, has become more diversified over the past decades, with the entry...

  • Immigration Policy: Political or Economic? Briggs Jr., Vernon M. // Challenge (05775132);Sep/Oct91, Vol. 34 Issue 5, p12 

    This article focuses on the immigration policy in the U.S. and its impact on the labor market. Immigration policy can influence the quantitative size of the labor force as well as the qualitative characteristics of those it admits. The appropriate role of immigration policy is clear. Immigration...

  • The evolution and sustainability of seasonal migration from Poland to Germany: From the dusk of the 19th century to the dawn of the 21st century. Kępińska, Ewa; Stark, Oded // International Review of Economics & Finance;Oct2013, Vol. 28, p3 

    Abstract: We document and suggest a rationale for the durability of seasonal migration from Poland to Germany, a phenomenon persisting for more than a century. We refer to the role of the tradition of engaging in seasonal migration as a force that helped invigorate the process and contribute to...

  • Information and Subsequent Migrations: Further Analysis and Additional Evidence. Allen, Jeremiah // Southern Economic Journal;Apr79, Vol. 45 Issue 4, p1274 

    In a recent issue of this journal, Anthony M. J. Yezer and Lawrence Thurston extend the human capital model of human migration to include an analytical framework for subsequent migration [5]. Subsequent migration is migration following an initial move, and includes both return migration and...

  • Challenges Facing the New York Metropolitan Area Economy. Orr, James; Topa, Giorgio // Current Issues in Economics & Finance;Jan2006, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p1 

    The skilled and well-educated workforce of the New York metropolitan area has played a large role in enabling the region to withstand adverse economic shocks and adapt successfully to a services economy. A further expansion of this "human capital" will enable the metro area to meet the...

  • International migration, remittances, and the human capital formation of Egyptian children. Koska, Onur A.; Saygin, Perihan Özge; Çağatay, Selim; Artal-Tur, Andrés // International Review of Economics & Finance;Oct2013, Vol. 28, p38 

    Abstract: We study the roles that migration and remittances play in the human capital formation of children in Egypt. Our estimations reveal a significant association between remittances and human capital formation: the higher the probability of receipt of remittances, the higher the probability...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics