Sustainable agricultural practices: energy inputs and outputs, pesticide, fertilizer and greenhouse gas management

Wang, Yue-Wen
December 2009
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition;Dec2009, Vol. 18 Issue 4, p498
Academic Journal
The food security issue was addressed by the development of "modern agriculture" in the last century. But food safety issues and environment degradation were the consequences suffered as a result. Climate change has been recognized as the result of release of stored energy in fossil fuel into the atmosphere. Homogeneous crop varieties, machinery, pesticides and fertilizers are the foundation of uniform commodities in modern agriculture. Fossil fuels are used to manufacture fertilizers and pesticides as well as the energy source for agricultural machinery, thus characterizes modern agriculture. Bio-fuel production and the possibility of the agriculture system as a form of energy input are discussed.


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