Mandibular Open-Close Motion in Children with Anterior Crossbite Occlusion

Tokutomi, Junko; Hayasaki, Haruaki; Saitoh, Issei; Iwase, Yoko; Fukami, Atsushi; Yamada, Chaiki; Takemoto, Yoshihiko; Inada, Emi; Yamasaki, Youichi
January 2010
CRANIO: The Journal of Craniomandibular & Sleep Practice;Jan2010, Vol. 28 Issue 1, p10
Academic Journal
Anterior crossbite (ACB) malocclusions are frequent; however, its characteristic functional features have not been fully described. The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of habitual mandibular open-close motion in children with ACB of their primary dentition. Two groups of children were selected for study; 17 with ACB (eight boys and nine girls; four years one month to seven years one month) and 19 with normal occlusion (eight boys and 11 girls; four years six months to six years seven months). The motion was recorded using an optoelectronic analysis system with six degrees-of-freedom. Mandibular incisor and condylar motion were analyzed by measuring their three-dimensional ranges and trajectories. Also estimated incisor and condylar pathways of the two groups were compared. Patients with ACB opened wider with more anterior-posterior condylar translation and more mandibular rotation. Although between-subject (inter-individual) variance of all variables in children with ACB was larger, they had less within-subject variance at the condyles. These results indicate that open-close mandibular motion in children with ACB is completely different from that of children with normal occlusion. The different motions might be related to morphological differences between the two groups.


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