TITLE

Mucosal immune response induced by proteoliposome and cochleate derived from serogroups B N. meningitidis

AUTHOR(S)
Del Campo, Judith; Lastre, Miriam; Zayas, Caridad; Acevedo, Reinaldo; González, Elizabeth; Romeu, Belkis; Cuello, Maribel; Cabrera, Osmir; Balboa, Julio; Sarandi, Ali M.; Pérez, Oliver
PUB. DATE
May 2009
SOURCE
Revista VacciMonitor (Vacunología y Temas Afines);May-Aug2009, Vol. 18 Issue 2, p69
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Mucosal vaccination offers attractive advantages to conventional systemic vaccination. Most pathogens enter or establish infection at mucosal surfaces. This represents an enormous challenge for vaccine development. Nevertheless, the availability of safe and effective adjuvants that function mucosally is the major limitation. Therefore, we investigated the impact of mucosal immunization with the Neisseria meningitidis B proteoliposome (AFPL1, Adjuvant Finlay Proteoliposome 1) and its-derived cochleate (Co, AFCo1). They contain multiple PAMPs as immunopotentiators and have delivery system ability as well as Th1 polarization activity. Groups of female mice were immunized by nasal, oral, intravaginal, or intramuscular routes with three doses with AFPL1/AFCo1 alone or containing ovalbumin or glycoprotein (g) D2 from Herpes Simplex Virus type 2 (HSV-2). High levels of specific IgG antibodies were detected in sera of mice vaccinated with either route. However, specific IgA antibodies were produced in saliva and vaginal wash only following mucosal delivering. The polarization to a Th1 pattern was confirmed by testing the induction of IgG2a/IgG2c antibody, positive delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions, and gIFN production. Additionally, AFCo1gD2 showed practically no vaginal HSV-2 replication and 100% protection against lethal vaginal HSV-2 challenge. In conclusion, the results support the use of AFCo1 as potent Th1 adjuvant for mucosal vaccines, particularly for nasal route.
ACCESSION #
40399199

 

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