Chapter 7: Getting There from Here: Research on the Effects of Work-Family Initiatives on Work-Family Conflict and Business Outcomes

Kelly, Erin L.; Kossek, Ellen Ernst; Hammer, Leslie B.; Durham, Mary; Bray, Jeremy; Chermack, Kelly; Murphy, Lauren A.; Kaskubar, Dan
August 2008
Academy of Management Annals;2008, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p305
Academic Journal
Many employing organizations have adopted work-family policies, programs, and benefits. Yet managers in employing organizations simply do not know what organizational initiatives actually reduce work-family conflict and how these changes are likely to impact employees and the organization. We examine scholarship that addresses two broad questions: first, do work-family initiatives reduce employees' work-family conflict and/or improve work-family enrichment? Second, does reduced work-family conflict improve employees' work outcomes and, especially, business outcomes at the organizational level? We review over 150 peer-reviewed studies from a number of disciplines in order to summarize this rich literature and identify promising avenues for research and conceptualization. We propose a research agenda based on four primary conclusions: the need for more multi-level research, the necessity of an interdisciplinary approach, the benefits of longitudinal studies that employ quasi-experimental or experimental designs and the challenges of translating research into practice in effective ways.


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