TITLE

Allometric relationships predicting foliar biomass and leaf area:sapwood area ratio from tree height in five Costa Rican rain forest species

AUTHOR(S)
J. C. Calvo-Alvarado; N. G. McDowell; R. H. Waring
PUB. DATE
September 2008
SOURCE
Tree Physiology;Sep2008, Vol. 28 Issue 11, p1601
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
We developed allometric equations to predict whole-tree leaf area (Al), leaf biomass (Ml) and leaf area to sapwood area ratio (Al:As) in five rain forest tree species of Costa Rica: Pentaclethra macroloba (Willd.) Kuntze (Fabaceae/Mim), Carapa guianensis Aubl. (Meliaceae), Vochysia ferruginea Mart. (Vochysiaceae), Virola koshnii Warb. (Myristicaceae) and Tetragastris panamensis (Engl.) Kuntze (Burseraceae). By destructive analyses (n = 11–14 trees per species), we observed strong nonlinear allometric relationships (r2 ≥ 0.9) for predicting Al or Ml from stem diameters or As measured at breast height. Linear relationships were less accurate. In general, Al:As at breast height increased linearly with tree height except for Pentaclethra, which showed a negative trend. All species, however, showed increased total Al with height. The observation that four of the five species increased in Al:As with height is consistent with hypotheses about trade-offs between morphological and anatomical adaptations that favor efficient water flow through variation in the amount of leaf area supported by sapwood and those imposed by the need to respond quickly to light gaps in the canopy.
ACCESSION #
37594090

 

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