TITLE

Role of upper endoscopy in diagnosing opportunistic infections in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients

AUTHOR(S)
Werneck-Silva, Ana Luiza; Prado, Ivete Bedin; Montiel-Jarquin, Alvaro
PUB. DATE
March 2009
SOURCE
World Journal of Gastroenterology;3/7/2009, Vol. 15 Issue 9, p1050
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has dramatically decreased opportunistic infections (OIs) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. However, gastrointestinal disease continues to account for a high proportion of presenting symptoms in these patients. Gastrointestinal symptoms in treated patients who respond to therapy are more likely to the result of drug-induced complications than OI. Endoscopic evaluation of the gastrointestinal tract remains a cornerstone of diagnosis, especially in patients with advanced immunodeficiency, who are at risk for OI. The peripheral blood CD4 lymphocyte count helps to predict the risk of an OI, with the highest risk seen in HIV-infected patients with low CD4 count (< 200 cells/mm³). This review provides an update of the role of endoscopy in diagnosing OI in the upper gastrointestinal tract in HIV-infected patients in the era of HAART.
ACCESSION #
36877588

 

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