Production of Biomass-Derived Chemicals and Energy: Chemocatalytic Conversions of Glycerol

Brandner, A.; Lehnert, K.; Bienholz, A.; Lucas, M.; Claus, P.
March 2009
Topics in Catalysis;Mar2009, Vol. 52 Issue 3, p278
Academic Journal
The growing production of biodiesel as a renewable source-based fuel leads to an increased amount of glycerol. Thus, it is a favorable starting material to obtain highly functionalized products. From a variety of catalytic reactions three examples, namely glycerol oxidation, glycerol hydrogenolysis and aqueous-phase reforming, were chosen for detailed studies in our group. The experimental focus for the oxidation of glycerol was set on preparation and detailed examination of supported Pt–Bi catalysts in batch reactions as well as in continuous experiments using a trickle bed reactor. For aqueous-phase reforming of glycerol to hydrogen the addition of tin to supported platinum catalysts was investigated. Ruthenium and copper based catalysts could be successfully applied in the hydrogenolysis of glycerol to 1,2-propanediol.


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