TITLE

„LIETUVIŠKOSIOS“ PRAEITIES AKTUALIZAVIMAS KAIP TAPATUMO ORIENTACIJOS RAIŠKA POKARIO KLAIPĖDOJE

AUTHOR(S)
SAFRONOVAS, VASILIJUS
PUB. DATE
July 2007
SOURCE
Lietuvos Istorijos Metrastis;2007, Issue 2, p59
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
On the grounds of concepts of "culture of commemoration", "collective memory", and "collective identity" the paper analyses what elements of the past were invoked and through which media they were represented in post-war KlaipÄ—da supporting the Lithuanian identity orientation. Reviewing of socio-cultural situation in post-war KlaipÄ—da revealed which communication milieu could call the "Lithuanian" past into being in public culture of commemoration of post-war KlalpÄ—da. Examination of contexts of such calling testified that two periods of it might be distinguished. The first period when Lithuanian identity orientation awoke exalting of the "Lithuanian" past embraces the late 1940's while the second encompasses a streak of the 1970 1980's, Such discernment is based on detection of firm communicative foundation where symbols expressed Lithuanian culture could circulate. On the contrary, in the 1950-1960's when spawns of Lithuanian culture were dismantled dominant "Soviet" identity orientation denied these symbols to the public space. During both periods prevailing utilization of the contexts of the interwar past is observed. This was conditioned not only by requirement of legitimation of KlalpÄ—da area (Memel territory) subordination to Lithuania, but also by anti-German antagonism, which was implanted into the public space as far back as World War I. However, orientation towards the contexts of the interwar past during both periods differed from each other. Straight after the war considerable part of the intelligentsia was related to the cultural activity in the interwar KlalpÄ—da. Therefore continuity of the interwar traditions seemed rather natural to them. To the contrary, in the 1970-1980's the intelligentsia of KlalpÄ—da had no relevancy with interwar "Lithuanian" cultural environment of KlaipÄ—da. Accordingly requirements of hunting for "Lithuanian" past were healthier. Local movement of regional studies and monument preservation met these requirements. From the late 1950's - early 1960's it reflected newly-developed legitimation myth of Soviet Lithuania created till the mid 1950's in which stories, events, and personalities of the "national" past survived adopted within the framework of the "class struggle". Hunting for "Lithuanian" past notably intensified from the late 1960's - early 1970's, enabled both the resurrection of the plots of "Lithuanian" KlalpÄ—da's past, created in the interwar period, and the loan of appropriate cogitative categories of this period. However, it is important to notice that conflict character (dissociation from the "German" past) of "Lithuanian" identity orientation in KlalpÄ—da was consolidated and radicalized namely in post-war period and steadfastly held its field till the late 1980's early 1990's.
ACCESSION #
36648967

 

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