Global-Local Nexus and the Emerging Field of Criminology and Criminal Justice in South Asia: Bangladesh Case

Hossain, Mokerrom; Shahidullah, Shahid M.
July 2008
Bangladesh e-Journal of Sociology;2008, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p51
Academic Journal
This paper examines the socio-historical context of the rise and significance of criminology and criminal justice in the societies of South Asia. The growth of a scientific specialty in a society is closely linked to its socio- historical evolutions. Applying the concept of C. Wright Mills' "sociological imagination," the paper argues that the historical process of globalization has created two competing demands in the realm of governance in the nations of South Asia. The first is the demand for the growth of the values of democracy, justice, and human rights. This has raised the need for redefining the traditional meaning and boundaries of crime, punishment, and justice. The second is the spread of new global crimes. A new set of trans-boarder and transnational crimes such as illegal human trafficking, illegal drug trades, illegal trading and trafficking of human organs, illegal trading of conventional weapons and nuclear materials, and cyber crimes are rapidly spreading in South Asia. The rise of new global organized criminal groups and new groups of global terrorists are major threats to governance and national security. These two competing demands--the need for redefining the traditional institutions of crime and justice and the need to contain and control the global crimes--are contributing to the rise of criminology and criminal justice in South Asia.


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