TITLE

Measuring the Performance of the Accident Reductions: Evidence from Izmir City

AUTHOR(S)
Duvarci, Y.; Mizokami, S.
PUB. DATE
December 2008
SOURCE
Proceedings of World Academy of Science: Engineering & Technolog;Dec2008, Vol. 48, p1172
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Traffic enforcement units (the Police) are partly responsible for the severity and frequency of the traffic accidents via the effectiveness of their safety measures. The Police claims that the reductions in accidents and their severities occur largely by their timely interventions at the black spots, through traffic management or temporary changes in the road design (guiding, reducing speeds and eliminating sight obstructions, etc.). Yet, some other external factors than the Police measures may intervene into which such claims require a statistical confirmation. In order to test the net impact of the Police contribution in the reduction of the number of crashes, Chi square test was applied for 25 spots (streets and intersections) and an average evaluation was achieved for general conclusion in the case study of Izmir city. Separately, the net impact of economic crisis in the reduction of crashes is assessed by the trend analysis for the case of the economic crisis with the probable reduction effects on the trip generation or modal choice. Finally, it was proven that the Police measures were effective to some degree as they claimed, though the economic crisis might have only negligible contribution to the reductions in the same period observed.
ACCESSION #
36156575

 

Related Articles

  • Tricks of the trade. Matthews, David // Roads & Bridges;Jan2007, Vol. 45 Issue 1, p10 

    The article offers information on the tricks employed by highway patrol around the world to minimize over speeding in major highways. Police in Scotland implement a policy that the drivers of automobiles caught without a valid driver's license or proof of insurance can be crushed at a scrap...

  • Safety Assessment Model for Expressway Based On Accident Mechanism. Lu Lili; Gang Ren; Liming Lu // Advanced Materials Research;2014, Issue 1030-1032, p2110 

    It is of great significance to enhance freeway safety. This paper analyze the factors affecting freeway safety systematically. Analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation (FCE) were applied to develop a freeway safety evaluation model. This model has a practical...

  • Research on Traffic Safety on Freeway Merging Sections Based on TTC and PET. MENG Xianghai; ZHANG Zhizhao; SHI Yongy // Applied Mechanics & Materials;2014, Issue 587-589, p2224 

    Since the traffic safety of freeway interchange merging sections and the accidents occurred in this areas can not meet the requirement of statistical analysis, this paper employed traffic conflict technique to analyze the safety situation of freeway merging sections. The traffic data of vehicles...

  • Economic Evaluation of Road Traffic Safety Measures. Gul, Ejaz // Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business;Jun2011, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p1012 

    The number of road traffic casualties is still very lofty and the trend shows a boost with each passing day. The road traffic accidents involve fatalities due to which economic resources are damaged and the productivity of the economy is correspondingly impaired. Costs resulting from traffic...

  • Qualitative judgements of resemblance between road accident cases: what degree of agreement among experts? Brenac, T.; Clabaux, N.; Perrin, C. // Advances in Transportation Studies;Apr2012, Issue 26, p89 

    In road accident research, judgements of overall resemblance between accident cases are sometimes used in order to group similar instances and to describe corresponding accident scenarios. This note deals with the degree of agreement among experts regarding such judgements of resemblance and...

  • Rear-end crash potential estimation in the work zone merging areas. Weng, Jinxian; Meng, Qiang // Journal of Advanced Transportation;Apr2014, Vol. 48 Issue 3, p238 

    SUMMARY This paper proposed a methodology to estimate rear-end crash potential of the merging vehicles traveling in the merge lane, on the basis of the traffic data extracting from the available videotapes. First, we developed a binary logit model to identify drivers' merging behavior in the...

  • Shape your month. Gibbons, Bethany J. // Shape;Jun2005, Vol. 24 Issue 10, p30 

    The article focuses on issues related to road safety. According to the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), every 13 minutes, someone dies as a result of a car accident making it the most important cause of death for men and women 33 and under. 25 percent of reported car...

  • Penalty kicks. Foley, Anna Marie // Commercial Motor;7/6/2006, Vol. 204 Issue 5185, p36 

    The article focuses on Ireland's Road Traffic Bill 2006. Penalty points or disqualification for striking a bridge, greater powers to seize vehicles and a ban on the use of mobile phones were some of the measures contained by the bill. The Bill followed a period of an unprecedented number of road...

  • 'Murder' on the M-ways. Brown, Andrew // Motor Transport;3/27/2003, p12 

    Announces that the police will investigate any fatal crash as if it were a murder inquiry in England. Comments from William Bald, assistant chief constable of Tayside Police; Risk posed by diversion routes to heavy goods vehicles; Steps taken by Midland Expressway to help reopen the motorway...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics