TITLE

Mapping geographical variation in obesity in Finland

AUTHOR(S)
Lahti-Koski, Marjaana; Taskinen, Olli; Similä, Minna; Männistä, Satu; Laatikainen, Tuna; Knekt, Paul; Valsta, Liisa M.
PUB. DATE
December 2008
SOURCE
European Journal of Public Health;Dec2008, Vol. 18 Issue 6, p637
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: The prevalence of obesity varies across countries. However, less is known about the geographical, within-country variation. This study investigated and visualized the geographical differences in general obesity defined by body mass index (BMI) and in abdominal obesity defined by waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) in Finland. Subjects and methods: Data for the study consisted of three large population surveys: Health 2000 Survey with a nationally representative sample together with the National FINRISK Study conducted in five areas in 1997 and six areas in 2002. Altogether, 17816 men and women aged 30-64 years participated in the surveys. In each survey, subjects' weight, height and circumferences of waist and hip were measured. The geographical pattern of mean anthropometric values and obesity prevalence were studied applying a Bayesian hierarchical approach and Geographical Information Systems. Results: Both in men and women, the prevalence of obesity (BMI≥30kg m-2) varied little across geographical areas, but it was smaller in cities compared with other areas across the country. In men, the prevalence of abdominal obesity defined both by waist circumference and WHR was higher in western Finland compared with southern and northern Finland. Also in women, the prevalence of abdominal obesity was highest in western Finland, especially as defined by waist circumference. Conclusions: Geographical variation in BMI was different and less prominent than in waist circumference and WHR. Abdominal obesity was surprisingly high in western Finland, the area seldom investigated. Mapping obesity gives a useful tool for professionals working in the field of health promotion.
ACCESSION #
35946731

 

Related Articles

  • Breakthrough Discovery -- Being Fat Is Caused By Eating Too Much!  // Electronic Ardell Wellness Report (E-AWR);8/5/2005, Issue 295, p2 

    This article focuses on obesity in the U.S. The country is number one if there is a contest to be the world's fattest nation. Even after 141,000 gastric bypass operations in 2004 and hundreds of millions of dollars spent on diets and medications, more than 15 million adults in this country are...

  • Obesity and gastric balloon. Yasawy, Mohammed I.; Al-Quorain, Abdulaziz A.; Hussameddin, Anas M.; Yasawy, Zakia M.; Al-Sulaiman, Raid M. // Journal of Family & Community Medicine;Dec2014, Vol. 21 Issue 3, p196 

    Background: The obesity epidemic, which is among the most common nutritional disorders, is rising rapidly worldwide. It leads to several health problems such as metabolic disorders, stroke, and even cancer. Efforts to control obesity with exercise and diet have a limited value in obese patients...

  • Suboptimal results after sphincteroplasty: another hazard of obesity. Hong, K.; DaSilva, G.; Dollerschell, J.; Wexner, S. // Techniques in Coloproctology;Nov2014, Vol. 18 Issue 11, p1055 

    Background: This study aimed to investigate the outcomes of sphincteroplasty in obese patients. Methods: Patients with fecal incontinence (FI) who underwent sphincter repair were identified and divided into obese [body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m] and nonobese (BMI < 30 kg/m) groups....

  • Nutrition and cancer: from prevention to nutritional support, 8th October 2010, Milan.  // Ecancermedicalscience;2010, Vol. 4, p1 

    The article presents a research that investigates the vital role of nutrition in cancer prevention. It mentions that nutrition is needed in preventing the disease. It notes that obesity increases the risk of incurring cancer, while having a healthy diet reduces the risk of cancer. It notes that...

  • Grading of evidence of the effectiveness of health promotion interventions. Tang, K-C; Choi, B C K; Beaglehole, A // Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health;Sep2008, Vol. 62 Issue 9, p832 

    Aims: Grading of evidence of the effectiveness of health promotion interventions remains a priority to the practise of evidence-based health promotion. Several authors propose grading the strength of evidence based on a hierarchy: convincing, probable, possible and insufficient; or strong,...

  • Calories In, Energy Out.  // Indiana Business Magazine;Jun2004 Supplement, Vol. 48, p17 

    Comments on several issues concerning obesity. Percentage of total U.S. medical expenditures accounted for by obesity medical expenses in 1998; Health risks of obesity; Implications on employee-wellness programs.

  • Public health campaigns and obesity - a critique. Walls, Helen L.; Peeters, Anna; Proietto, Joseph; McNeil, John J. // BMC Public Health;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p136 

    Background: Controlling obesity has become one of the highest priorities for public health practitioners in developed countries. In the absence of safe, effective and widely accessible high-risk approaches (e.g. drugs and surgery) attention has focussed on community-based approaches and social...

  • Obesity and Clinical Obesity Men's understandings of obesity and its relation to the risk of diabetes: a qualitative study. Sandgren, Emma; Sandgren, Sofia; Urazalin, Marat; Andersson, Rune // BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p311 

    Background: The 2007 Wanless report highlights the ever increasing problem of obesity and the consequent health problems. Obesity is a significant cause of diabetes. An increasing evidence base suggests that in terms of reducing diabetes and CVD risk, it is better to be "fit and fat" than unfit...

  • Weight management. Lean, M. E. J. // Caribbean Health;Jul1999, Vol. 2 Issue 2, p23 

    The article discusses weight management. Obesity is associated with a range of clinical problems. It is claimed obesity is a disease which is costing a taxpayer almost the same amount as diabetes, epilepsy and major cancers. Genetic contribution to fat distribution is more like even greater than...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics