Geminal interaction and “anomeric effect”

Feshin, V. P.; Feshina, E. V.
November 2008
Russian Journal of General Chemistry;Nov2008, Vol. 78 Issue 11, p2142
Academic Journal
Quantum-chemical calculations by the methods of RHF/6-31G(d) and MP2/6-31+G(d) show equal ratio of the lengths of axial and equatorial bonds and electron density on the atoms forming them in cyclohexane and its mono derivatives and in six-membered heterocyclic molecules as well. This feature is due to the interaction of atoms in the chair form of these molecules regardless of the presence in them of a heteroatom. Introducing heteroatom to a cyclohexane ring leads only to increase in the difference between axial and equatorial bonds. This equation excludes the possibility to ascribe the elongation of axial bonds and increase in the electron density on atoms forming them in the heterocyclic molecules to the p,σ*-conjugation of the lone electron pair of the ring heteroatom with the antibonding orbital of the axial bond. Features of molecular geometry defined by the mutual influence of atoms in them, including inductive and non-inductive interaction of geminal atoms in triatomic groups Y-Z-M, result in energetic preference of gauche conformations of these molecules and “anomeric effect” in them.


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