QuikSCAT Impacts on Coastal Forecasts and Warnings: Operational Utility of Satellite Ocean Surface Vector Wind Data

Milliff, Ralph F.; Stamus, Peter A.
October 2008
Weather & Forecasting;Oct2008, Vol. 23 Issue 5, p878
Academic Journal
This study reports on the operational utility of ocean surface vector wind (SVW) data from Quick Scatterometer (QuikSCAT) observations in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Weather Service (NWS) Weather Forecast Offices (WFOs) covering the coastal United States, including island states and territories. Thirty-three U.S. coastal WFOs were surveyed, and 16 WFO site visits were conducted, from late summer 2005 to the 2005/06 winter season, in order to quantify the impact of QuikSCAT SVW data on forecasts and warnings, with a particular focus on operations affecting marine users. Details of the survey design and site visit strategies are described. Survey results are quantified and site visit impressions are discussed. Key findings include (i) QuikSCAT data supplement primary datasets and numerical weather prediction fields, in the manual production of local public (weather) and marine forecasts and warnings; (ii) operational utility of satellite SVW data would be enhanced by SVW retrievals of finer temporal resolution, closer to the coasts; and (iii) rain flags in the SVW data have little impact on utility for WFO operations.


Related Articles

  • Plant Phenological Anomalies in Germany and their Relation to Air Temperature and NAO. Annette Menzel // Climatic Change;Apr2003, Vol. 57 Issue 3, p243 

    This paper analyses long-term (1951–2000) phenological observations of 20 plant seasonal phases recorded within the phenological network of the German Weather Service in relation to climate data and NAO. Phenological inter-annual variability and temporal trends were determined by using mean...

  • A Quantitative Analysis of the Enhanced-V Feature in Relation to Severe Weather. Brunner, Jason C.; Ackerman, Steven A.; Bachmeier, A. Scott; Rabin, Robert M. // Weather & Forecasting;Aug2007, Vol. 22 Issue 4, p853 

    Early enhanced-V studies used 8-km ground-sampled distance and 30-min temporal-sampling Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) infrared (IR) imagery. In contrast, the ground-sampled distance of current satellite imagery is 1 km for low earth orbit (LEO) satellite IR imagery....

  • 3-D Ozone Profile.  // Science & Children;May2001, Vol. 38 Issue 8, p10 

    This article informs that a unique new service that harnesses satellite data to powerful high-speed computing could soon lead to much-improved weather forecasts. The "fast ozone profile" service, developed by the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, can deliver a three-dimensional map of...

  • Assimilation of Satellite Cloud and Precipitation Observations in Numerical Weather Prediction Models: Introduction to the JAS Special Collection. Errico, Ronald M.; Ohring, George; Bauer, Peter; Ferrier, Brad; Mahfouf, Jean-François; Turk, Joe; Fuzhong Weng // Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences;Nov2007, Vol. 64 Issue 11, p3737 

    To date, the assimilation of satellite measurements in numerical weather prediction (NWP) models has focused on the clear atmosphere. But satellite observations in the visible, infrared, and microwave provide a great deal of information on clouds and precipitation. This special collection...

  • Eumetsat Gets Ready for MetOp Launch.  // Satellite Today;4/10/2006, Vol. 5 Issue 66, p2 

    The article reports that Eumetsat has declared the first operational meteorological satellite of the EPS mission, MetOp, ready for shipment to the Baikonour Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. The satellite will provide global data that significantly improves forecasts of severe weather and disaster...

  • Lidar-Measured Wind Profiles: The Missing Link in the Global Observing System. Baker, Wayman E.; Atlas, Robert; Cardinali, Carla; Clement, Amy; Emmitt, George D.; Gentry, Bruce M.; Hardesty, R. Michael; Källén, Erland; Kavaya, Michael J.; Langland, Rolf; Ma, Zaizhong; Masutani, Michiko; McCarty, Will; Pierce, R. Bradley; Pu, Zhaoxia; Riishojgaard, Lars Peter; Ryan, James; Tucker, Sara; Weissmann, Martin; Yoe, James G. // Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society;Apr2014, Vol. 95 Issue 4, p543 

    The three-dimensional global wind field is the most important remaining measurement needed to accurately assess the dynamics of the atmosphere. Wind information in the tropics, high latitudes, and stratosphere is particularly deficient. Furthermore, only a small fraction of the atmosphere is...

  • An Observational Study of the Final Breakdown of the Southern Hemisphere Stratospheric Vortex in 2002. Orsolini, Yvan J.; Randall, Cora E.; Manney, Gloria L.; Allen, Douglas R. // Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences;3/1/2005, Vol. 62 Issue 3, p735 

    The 2002 Southern Hemisphere final warming occurred early, following an unusually active winter and the first recorded major warming in the Antarctic. The breakdown of the stratospheric polar vortex in October and November 2002 is examined using new satellite observations from the Michelson...

  • A new set of polar eyes. Madwar, Samia // Canadian Geographic;Apr2012, Vol. 132 Issue 2, p60 

    The article reports on the first civilian satellites that is dedicated to the Arctic region. It mentions that Canadian Space Agency has suggested the launch of two satellites that would provide weather forecasting and telecommunications coverage. Further it mentions that meteorologists depends...

  • Scatterometer-Based Assessment of 10-m Wind Analyses from the Operational ECMWF and NCEP Numerical Weather Prediction Models. Chelton, Dudley B.; Freilich, Michael H. // Monthly Weather Review;Feb2005, Vol. 133 Issue 2, p409 

    Wind measurements by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) scatterometer (NSCAT) and the SeaWinds scatterometer on the NASA QuikSCAT satellite are compared with buoy observations to establish that the accuracies of both scatterometers are essentially the same. The...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics