Trade Controls for Political Ends: Four Perspectives

Lowenfeld, Andreas F.
September 2003
Chicago Journal of International Law;Fall2003, Vol. 4 Issue 2, p355
Academic Journal
The article discusses the economic sanctions in different perspectives. It recalls when the United Nations (UN) Security Council lifted mandatory economic sanctions against Iraq and war became an alternative when the sanctions did not work. The U.S. Export Control Act of 1949 took effect on February 26, 1949 and had all the civilian rail, road, and barge traffic between Berlin and the allied zones of Germany cut off in June 1948. The international law gives limits on jurisdiction to prescribe and jurisdiction to enforce and recognizes the doctrine of proportionality.


Related Articles

  • UN and U.S. Economic Sanctions Against Iraq Lifted. Johnson, David R.; Lichtenbaum, Greta; Little, Kathleen C.; Verrastro, Frank // Venulex Legal Summaries;2003 Q2, p1 

    The article focuses on the decision of the U.N. and the U.S. to lift multilateral economic sanctions against Iraq. A resolution removing such sanctions adopted by the U.N. Security Council contains a number of provisions relating to the governance of Iraq and the continuation of funding for...

  • IRAN: RISK SUMMARY.  // Middle East Monitor: The Gulf;Mar2007, Vol. 17 Issue 3, p10 

    The article focuses on the short term risk for investment in Iran. Sanctions have been imposed on Iran by the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) due to its nuclear programme and the deadline to comply with the resolution of the UNSC is February 20, 2007. About 150 parliamentarians have...

  • Humanitarian Safeguards in Economic Sanctions Regimes: A Call for Automatic Suspension Clauses, Periodic Monitoring, and Follow-Up Assessment of Long-Term Effects. Geiss, Robin // Harvard Human Rights Journal;Spring2005, Vol. 18, p167 

    Focuses on the humanitarian impact of economic sanctions. Rules on the imposition of economic sanctions; Obligations of the Security Council in imposing economic sanctions under the United Nations Charter; Proposals to address the shortcomings of economic sanctions.

  • Libya.  // UN Chronicle;1998, Vol. 35 Issue 3, p52 

    Reports that the United Nations (UN) Security Council `could not agree that necessary conditions exist to change the sanctions regime' against the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya.

  • UN reviews sanctions policy.  // MEED: Middle East Economic Digest;4/28/2000, Vol. 44 Issue 17, p15 

    Focuses on the United Nations Security Council's creating of a working group to search for ways to target sanctions against a country's or group's leadership. Effect of international sanctions in Iraq and several other countries; Search for ways to make embargoes `smarter.'

  • Security Council threatens further sanctions if Lusaka talks fail.  // United Nations Chronicle;Sep94, Vol. 31 Issue 3, p25 

    Reports that the Security Council extended the mandate of the UN Angola Verification Mission (UNAVEM II) and declared its readiness to impose additional sanctions to existing oil and arms embargo against the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), if it failed to formally...

  • Security Council arms and air embargo stays in place.  // United Nations Chronicle;Dec94, Vol. 31 Issue 4, p33 

    Reports that Security Council members decided to continue to review the air and arms embargo imposed against Libya in connection with terrorist bombings that took place in 1988 and 1989. Libya's cooperation with the United Nations.

  • Iraq was slapped. Hanson, Cynthia; McLaughlin, Abraham // Christian Science Monitor;7/13/95, Vol. 87 Issue 159, p2 

    Informs about the extension of trade sanctions on Iraq by the UN Security Council. Details.

  • Iraq.  // MEED: Middle East Economic Digest;8/23/1996, Vol. 40 Issue 34, p22 

    Reports on the United Nations Security Council's Iraqi sanctions committee's approval of the procedures for implementing an oil-for-food sale on August 8, 1996. Start of limited Iraqi oil exports in September 1996.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics