TITLE

Pretreatment of Whole-Crop Harvested, Ensiled Maize for Ethanol Production

AUTHOR(S)
M. Thomsen; J. Holm-Nielsen; P. Oleskowicz-Popiel; A. Thomsen
PUB. DATE
March 2008
SOURCE
Applied Biochemistry & Biotechnology;Mar2008, Vol. 148 Issue 1-3, p23
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Abstract  To have all-year-round available feedstock, whole-crop maize is harvested premature, when it still contains enough moisture for the anaerobic ensiling process. Silage preparation is a well-known procedure for preserving plant material. At first, this method was applied to obtain high-quality animal feed. However, it was found that such ensiled crops are very suitable for bioenergy production. Maize silage, which consists of hardly degradable lignocellulosic material, hemicellulosic material, and starch, was evaluated for its potential as a feedstock in the production of bioethanol. It was pretreated at low severity (185 °C, 15 min) giving very high glucan (∼100%) and hemicellulose recoveries (
ACCESSION #
32805021

 

Related Articles

  • Use of tropical maize for bioethanol production. Chen, Ming-Hsu; Kaur, Prabhjot; Dien, Bruce; Below, Frederick; Vincent, Michael; Singh, Vijay // World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology;Aug2013, Vol. 29 Issue 8, p1509 

    Tropical maize is an alternative energy crop being considered as a feedstock for bioethanol production in the North Central and Midwest United States. Tropical maize is advantageous because it produces large amounts of soluble sugars in its stalks, creates a large amount of biomass, and requires...

  • SHREDDING CORN SILAGE COULD PRODUCE MORE ETHANOL AT LESS COST.  // Irish Farmers Monthly;Apr2009, p14 

    The article reports on the use of corn silage in the ethanol production in the U.S. A researcher at Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana, has revealed that shredding the corn stover can produce a low cost ethanol. The cellulosic material found in corn is an important material for the...

  • Cellulosic biofuels still long way off. Bechman, Tom J. // Wisconsin Agriculturist;Nov2011, Vol. 242 Issue 11, p54 

    The article reports that the biofuels industry will not meet the production of 16 billion gallons of cellulosic ethanol annually by 2022 required by the Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS) without advancement in technology or investment.

  • RFS waiver proposal creates divisions. Smith, Ron // Southwest Farm Press;11/1/2012, Vol. 39 Issue 21, p6 

    The article informs that the waiver of the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) will result in decreased corn prices and low corn ethanol production. It mentions that the waiver will further decrease the biofuel co-products, lower feed costs and higher prices for distillers' grains. It further informs...

  • Too many biofuel plants ahead?  // Irish Farmers Monthly;Mar2007, p44 

    The article reports on the impact of the expansion of biofuel plants on the status of the industry in the U.S. According to economist Chris Hurt, the industry will collapse if the price of corn will increase and the ethanol plants cannot make up the losses. The ethanol expansion is going to bid...

  • Toughtimes. Shaw, Charlie // ICIS Chemical Business;10/8/2007, Vol. 272 Issue 13, p5 

    The article reports that it has been a difficult nine months for European bioethanol producers, and opinions are mixed about the market's prospects. Producers have had a hard time making any profit because of growing production costs, the burden of which they have struggled to pass on to...

  • Energy: Not your father's biofuels. Tollefson, Jeff // Nature;2/21/2008, Vol. 451 Issue 7181, p880 

    The article focuses on the production of biofuels. Biotechnology companies are making efforts to produce fuels from crop residues, grasses or woody materials that avoid the limitations of ethanol distilled from corn starch or biodiesel produced from oil crops. Some firms are trying to make fuels...

  • Land Allocation Effects of the Global Ethanol Surge: Predictions from the International FAPRI Model. Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Beghin, John C.; Fengxia Dong; Elobeid, Amani; Tokgoz, Simla; Tun-Hsiang Yu // Land Economics;Nov2010, Vol. 86 Issue 4, p687 

    We quantify the emergence of biofuel markets and its impact on world agriculture using the multimarket, multicommodity international FAPRI model. The model incorporates trade-offs between biofuel, feed, and food production and consumption and international feedback effects of the emergence...

  • Enzymatic digestibility and ethanol fermentability of AFEX-treated starch-rich lignocellulosics such as corn silage and whole corn plant. Qianjun Shao; Chundawat, Shishir P. S.; Krishnan, Chandraraj; Bals, Bryan; da Costa Sousa, Leonardo; Thelen, Kurt D.; Dale, Bruce E.; Balan, Venkatesh // Biotechnology for Biofuels;2010, Vol. 3, p12 

    Background: Corn grain is an important renewable source for bioethanol production in the USA. Corn ethanol is currently produced by steam liquefaction of starch-rich grains followed by enzymatic saccharification and fermentation. Corn stover (the non-grain parts of the plant) is a potential...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics