TITLE

Out-of-home food outlets and area deprivation: case study in Glasgow, UK

AUTHOR(S)
Macintyre, Sally; McKay, Laura; Cummins, Steven; Burns, Cate
PUB. DATE
January 2005
SOURCE
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activit;2005, Vol. 2, p16
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: There is a popular belief that out-of-home eating outlets, which typically serve energy dense food, may be more commonly found in more deprived areas and that this may contribute to higher rates of obesity and related diseases in such areas. Methods: We obtained a list of all 1301 out-of-home eating outlets in Glasgow, UK, in 2003 and mapped these at unit postcode level. We categorised them into quintiles of area deprivation using the 2004 Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation and computed mean density of types of outlet (restaurants, fast food restaurants, cafes and takeaways), and all types combined, per 1000 population. We also estimated odds ratios for the presence of any outlets in small areas within the quintiles. Results: The density of outlets, and the likelihood of having any outlets, was highest in the second most affluent quintile (Q2) and lowest in the second most deprived quintile (Q4). Mean outlets per 1,000 were 4.02 in Q2, 1.20 in Q4 and 2.03 in Q5. With Q2 as the reference, Odds Ratios for having any outlets were 0.52 (CI 0.32-0.84) in Q1, 0.50 (CI 0.31 - 0.80) in Q4 and 0.61 (CI 0.38 - 0.98) in Q5. Outlets were located in the City Centre, West End, and along arterial roads. Conclusion: In Glasgow those living in poorer areas are not more likely to be exposed to out-of-home eating outlets in their neighbourhoods. Health improvement policies need to be based on empirical evidence about the location of fast food outlets in specific national and local contexts, rather than on popular 'factoids'.
ACCESSION #
28774159

 

Related Articles

  • Guests Slim Down, Own Up, Research Shows.  // Restaurant Business;11/15/2003, Vol. 102 Issue 19, p8 

    Consumers are dramatically altering their eating patterns and activities to pursue more healthful lives, underscoring a conviction that they can't blame restaurants for excess weight, according to a flurry of new obesity-related reports. Taken as a whole, the outpouring of research leaves little...

  • Battling obesity should be top priority among the overweight. GREENE, LOREN W. // Hudson Valley Business Journal;12/07/98-12/14/98, Vol. 9 Issue 16, p19 

    Reveals that more than one-half of all Americans are overweight and one out of four are obese, which is defined as 20 percent above ideal body weight. Health risk of obesity; Ways of battling obesity.

  • Consumer insights. Klara, Robert // Restaurant Business;10/15/2003, Vol. 102 Issue 17, p74 

    What's the real story behind the obesity controversy? As though any additional proof were needed of the urgency of the obesity issue, the U.S. Department of Agriculture recently moved to take its longstanding nutrition guidelines and break them down. As restaurant operators move the obesity...

  • Why are we fat? Discussions on the socioeconomic dimensions and responses to obesity. Rayner, Geof; Gracia, Mabel; Young, Elizabeth; Mauleon, Jose R.; Luque, Emilio; Rivera-Ferre, Marta G. // Globalization & Health;2010, Vol. 6, p7 

    This paper draws together contributions to a scientific table discussion on obesity at the European Science Open Forum 2008 which took place in Barcelona, Spain. Socioeconomic dimensions of global obesity, including those factors promoting it, those surrounding the social perceptions of obesity...

  • Önemli Bir Kronik Hastalık: Çocukluk ve Ergenlik Döneminde Obezite. Ergül, Şafak; Kalkım, Aslı // TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin;Mar/Apr2011, Vol. 10 Issue 2, p223 

    The aim of this paper is to draw attention to obesity in adolescence and its potential risks and put forward its consequences in terms of public health as well as offer solutions. Today, obesity has become one of the most frequent chronic diseases of childhood. The tendency to obesity is at an...

  • DIRE STRAITS.  // Foodservice & Hospitality;Jul2012, Vol. 45 Issue 5, p2 

    The author discusses the issue involving the food service industry in relation to obesity in the U.S. She mentions that obesity is becoming an important issue in the country where children as young as nine years old have been diagnosed with diabetes. She cites that the industry has been...

  • Caterers can take lead in lean times. Webster, Jenny // Caterer & Hotelkeeper;3/25/2004, Vol. 193 Issue 4316, p5 

    Expresses concern on the increasing cases of obesity. Risks associated with obesity; Opinion on the people to blame in connection with the weight-management dilemma; Efforts of the catering industry in providing solutions for obesity problems.

  • Overweight in the Pacific: links between foreign dependence, global food trade, and obesity in the Federated States of Micronesia. Cassels, Susan // Globalization & Health;2006, Vol. 2, p10 

    The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) has received considerable attention for their alarming rates of overweight and obesity. On Kosrae, one of the four districts in the FSM, 88% of adults aged 20 or older are overweight (BMI > 25), 59% are obese (BMI > 30), and 24% are extremely obese (BMI >...

  • Lawyers, activists 'chew the fat' about legal action at obesity confab. Thorn, Bret // Nation's Restaurant News;9/27/2004, Vol. 38 Issue 39, p4 

    Highlights the second annual 'Legal Approaches to the Obesity Epidemic' conference held in Boston, Massachusetts. Participation of lawyers, health activists, nutritionists and academics; Increase in the prevalence of obesity in the country; Hostility towards the restaurant industry for its...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics