Plánování čistých mĝst

Sennett, Richard
June 2006
Sociálni Studia / Social Studies (1214813X);2006, Issue 2, p87
Academic Journal
Sennett's early book The Uses of Disorder (1970) emphasizes the way the increasing complexity and excessive order in modem society interrelates with the decrease of the complexity of its social forms. This is-among others - expressed in the loss of personal attitudes of the citizens and of their possibility to establish functioning communities. In the fourth chapter, "Planning Purified Cities", Sennett supports this thesis within the example of the power relations incorporated in the process of urban planning. He locates the origin of the modem urban discourse in the reconstruction of the city of Paris directed by Baron Haussmann at the end of the nineteenth century as an articulation of the needs of the developing industrial world. The main assumptions of this urban tradition are: centralized planning of the entire city, and predetermined social use of the city. Sennett points to the historical determinacy of these assumptions leading to the dominance of the expert knowledge above the needs of the actual inhabitants. In this tradition, the authority results into passivity and non-participation, eliminating the distracting elements: mistakes, anarchy, diversity or creative disorder. As well as in the other parts of his book, Sennett arrives at the critic of an immature and adolescent society whose members are not able to actively and non-violently deal with the challenges of life.


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