Lessons for Management of Sexually Transmitted Infection Treatment Programs as Part of HIV/AIDS Prevention Strategies

McKay, Julienne; Campbell, David; Goiter, Anna Cornelia
October 2006
American Journal of Public Health;Oct2006, Vol. 96 Issue 10, p1760
Academic Journal
We analyzed the treatment schedule of a long-running HIV/AIDS prevention program in Managua, Nicaragua, that targets sex workers through mass and specific clinic based treatment of sexually transmitted infections and confirmed the role of frequency of treatment in generating a sustained reduction in measured prevalence of sexually transmitted infections. Unplanned variations in the time between treatments, a situation common to public health programs, provided the basis for attributing changes in measured levels of sexually transmitted infections to the program and for testing the statistical significance of the relationship. This information is critical to program design and funding and to resource allocation. (Am J Public Health. 2u06;96:1760-1761. doi:10. 2105/AJPH.2005.062596]


Related Articles

  • "Homophobia is fuelling the AIDS epidemic in Africa". Wakabi, Wairagala // CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal;10/23/2007, Vol. 177 Issue 9, p1017 

    The article reports on the impact of homophobia on the increase of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) cases in Africa. It was stated that homosexuals are the main factor to the rise of population of AIDS infected individuals in the region. According to researchers who implement human...

  • Resource allocation within the National AIDS Control Program of Pakistan: a qualitative assessment of decision maker's opinions. Sara Husain; Masood Kadir; Zafar Fatmi // BMC Health Services Research;2007, Vol. 7, p11 

    Background: Limited resources, whether public or private, demand prioritisation among competing needs to maximise productivity. With a substantial increase in the number of reported HIV cases, little work has been done to understand how resources have been distributed and what factors may have...

  • The Legacy of the Tank: The Violence of Peace. Henry, Doug // Anthropological Quarterly;Spring2005, Vol. 78 Issue 2, p443 

    This article examines the health effects of post-conflict reconstruction and the social price of having so many peacekeepers present in Sierra Leone. The violence of war continued to shape how everyday life could be carried on. Women were again finding themselves disadvantaged relative to men in...

  • Determinants of HIV antibody testing among selected groups of Chinese residents in Hong Kong. Abdullah, Abu Saleh M.; Hedley, Anthony J; Fielding, Richard; Ebrahim, Shahul H. // International Journal of STD & AIDS;Sep2004, Vol. 15 Issue 9, p608 

    HIV testing is promoted to the public as a tool for HIV prevention in many countries. However, the patterns and determinants of HIV antibody testing among the Chinese people are unknown. To describe the prevalence and determinants of HIV antibody testing amongst the Hong Kong Chinese a...

  • A survey of STI policies and programmes in Europe. Adler, M.W. // Sexually Transmitted Infections;Apr2003, Vol. 79 Issue 2, p171 

    Comments that a survey of policies and programs on sexually transmitted infections in Europe conducted by Dehne et al during the period 1998 to 1999 does not apply to the situation in England, where the first national strategy for sexual health and HIV was published in 2001. Objectives of the...

  • IDENTIFYING PROBLEMS IN HIV/AIDS EDUCATION IN SOUTH AFRICA. Cherian, Lily // Journal of Family Welfare;Jun2005, Vol. 51 Issue 1, p35 

    The article discusses the problems associated with Western-based HIV/AIDS education and prevention programs in South Africa. The diverse belief and cultural systems were not integrated into such campaigns. The Africans shared a dominant socio-religious philosophy despite their differences in...

  • Best-Evidence Interventions: Findings From a Systematic Review of HIV Behavioral Interventions for US Populations at High Risk, 2000-2004. Lyles, Cynthia M.; Kay, Linda S.; Crepaz, Nicole; Herbst, Jeffrey H.; Passin, Warren F.; Kim, Angela S.; Rama, Sima M.; Thadiparthi, Sekhar; DeLuca, Julia B.; Mullins, Mary M. // American Journal of Public Health;Jan2007, Vol. 97 Issue 1, p133 

    Objectives. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's HIV/AIDS Prevention Research Synthesis Team conducted a systematic review of US-based HIV behavioral intervention research literature from 2000 through 2004 to identify interventions demonstrating best evidence of efficacy for reducing...

  • STI declines among sex workers and clients following outreach, one time presumptive treatment, and regular screening of sex workers in the Philippines. Wi, T.; Ramos, E. R.; Steen, R.; Esguerra, T. A.; Roces, M. C. R.; Lim-Quizon, M. C.; Neilsen, G.; Dallabetta, G. // Sexually Transmitted Infections;Oct2006, Vol. 82 Issue 5, p386 

    Objectives: This intervention linked research aimed to reduce prevalence of Neisseria gonorrhoeae (Ng) and Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) among female sex workers by means of one round of presumptive treatment (PT), and improved prevention and screening services. Methods: A...

  • Approaches to the control of sexually transmitted infections in developing countries: old problems and modern challenges. Moyciud, P.; Mabey, D. // Sexually Transmitted Infections;Jun2004, Vol. 80 Issue 3, p174 

    Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) constitute a huge health and economic burden for developing countries: 75-85% of the estimated 340 million annual new cases of curable Sits occur in these countries, and STIs account for 17% economic losses because of ill health. The importance of Sits has...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics