Smoking, obesity, and their co-occurrence in the United States: cross sectional analysis

Healton, Cheryl G.; Vallone, Donna; McCausland, Kristen L.; Haijun Xiao; Green, Molly P.
July 2006
BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);7/1/2006, Vol. 333 Issue 7557, p25
Academic Journal
Objectives To describe the prevalence of obesity, smoking, and both health risk factors together among adults in the United States. Design Cross sectional analysis of a national health interview survey. Setting United States. Participants 29 305 adults (aged 18) in 2002. Main outcome measures Prevalence of adults who are obese (body mass index ≥ 30), who smoke, and who are obese and smoke. Prevalence was stratified by age, sex, ethnic group, education, and income. Results 23.5% of adults were obese, 22.7% smoked, and 4.7% smoked and were obese. Conclusions Although the proportion of adults who smoke and are obese is relatively low, this subgroup is concentrated among lower socioeconomic groups.


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