Patent policy and public health in developing countries: lessons from Japan

Aoki, Reiko; Kubo, Kensuke; Yamane, Hiroko
May 2006
Bulletin of the World Health Organization;May2006, Vol. 84 Issue 5, p417
Academic Journal
The article discusses on the implications of the World Trade Organization's Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights Agreement on the public health sector in developing countries. Under the product patent law, local pharmaceutical companies are restricted to copy manufactured drugs from other firms. The authors have examined the product patent law in Japan in 1976. They found out that the country's patent system is supported with basis for compulsory licensing, such as local working, working of dependent patents, and public interest.


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