TITLE

Changes in Older and Younger Woods in West-Central Ohio

AUTHOR(S)
Runkle, James R.; Fairbanks, Lisa A.; Armstrong, Keelan H.; Campbell, Timothy S.; Espenschied-Reilly, Amanda L.
PUB. DATE
December 2005
SOURCE
Ohio Journal of Science;Dec2005, Vol. 105 Issue 5, p116
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This study examines changes in two forest stands in the Quercus-Acer saccharum forest region of west central Ohio: an old-growth stand changing from Quercus-dominated to Acer saccharum-dominated and a stand established following agricultural abandonment about 1950. Both stands are in the Wright State University woods. Permanent plots were sampled in 1980 (younger stand only), 1982 (older stand only), 1993, and 2000. The older stand had more small, fewer intermediate, and more large stems than the younger stand. The plot in the new stand showed a hell-shaped distribution with most stems established shortly after land abandonment. Mortality decreased and growth increased with stem size for both stands. Acer saccharum in all sizes and large Quercus dominated the older stand. The younger stand was dominated by Robinia pseudo acacia with Acer saccharum also important. In the older plots small stems generally were clustered, intermediate-sized stems randomly distributed, and the largest stems regularly distributed. In the younger plot small stems were aggregated while larger ones were randomly distributed. Quercus regenerated well until the late 1800s, singly or in small groups, but few stems have become established since 1900. Quercus may need fires or grazing to regenerate successfully. Both stands are changing to increased dominance by Acer saccharum and other shade-tolerant species as they lose species {Robinia pseudo-acacia in the younger stand, Quercus in the older stand) more successful under past than present conditions.
ACCESSION #
19942705

 

Related Articles

  • Factors associated with the decline disease of sugar maple on the Allegheny Plateau . Horsley, Stephen; Long, Robert; Bailey, Scott; Hallett, Richard; Hall, Thomas // Canadian Journal of Forest Research;Sep2000, Vol. 30 Issue 9, p1365 

    Presents a study of the health of 43 stands of sugar maple trees in the northern Allegheny Plateau in Pennsylvania. Measures of tree health included glaciation, topographic position, foliage chemistry, defoliation history, and stand characteristics; Study found moderately to severely declining...

  • Predicting the date of leaf emergence for sugar maple across its native range. Raulier, Fr d ric; Bernier, Pierre // Canadian Journal of Forest Research;Sep2000, Vol. 30 Issue 9, p1429 

    Presents a study which presents a combined winter chilling and spring warming model for predicting the date of foliation of sugar maple trees. Model provided by study is able to account for 84% of variation in foliation dates observed; Model also able to account for unusually warm or cold...

  • Neighborhood competition and crown asymmetry in Acer saccharum. Brisson, Jacques // Canadian Journal of Forest Research;Dec2001, Vol. 31 Issue 12, p2151 

    Discusses neighborhood competition and crown asymmetry in Acer saccharum. Description of how a tree neighboring a new gap must show a certain degree of morphological plasticity in its lateral growth to take advantage of the available space, expanding branches preferentially on the side of the...

  • Effects of fungal seed pathogens under conspecific and heterospecific trees in a temperate forest. Kotanen, Peter M. // Canadian Journal of Botany;Oct2007, Vol. 85 Issue 10, p918 

    This study investigated the impacts of soil fungi on seeds of two eastern North American temperate-zone trees: Acer saccharum Marsh. (sugar maple) and Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr (eastern hemlock). Seeds of each species were buried at locations dominated by either conspecifics or heterospecifics....

  • Letters. Broderick, Stephen H.; Gavette, Floyd; Weaver, Kenny // American Forests;Autumn2006, Vol. 112 Issue 3, p2 

    Several letters to the editor are presented in response to articles in previous issues including one on sugaring in Virginia, another on benefits of trees and one on sugar maple trees.

  • Long-term calcium addition increases growth release, wound closure, and health of sugar maple (Acer saccharum) trees at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Huggett, Brett A.; Schaberg, Paul G.; Hawley, Gary J.; Eagar, Christopher // Canadian Journal of Forest Research;Sep2007, Vol. 37 Issue 9, p1692 

    We surveyed and wounded forest-grown sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.) trees in a long-term, replicated Ca manipulation study at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest in New Hampshire, USA. Plots received applications of Ca (to boost Ca availability above depleted ambient levels) or Al (to...

  • A WaLK IN THE WOODS. Cowan, Mary Morton // Appleseeds;Oct2003, Vol. 6 Issue 2, p30 

    The author lives in the northeastern United States. He identifies a few common trees of the northeastern woods. Beech trees of all ages have smooth, light-gray bark. One can recognize the sugar maple by the deep U-shaped notches on its large leaves. Eastern white pines are the tallest evergreen...

  • Sap extraction and measurement of soluble sap sugars in sugar maple Hawley, Gary J.; Gregory, Robert A. // Canadian Journal of Forest Research;Jun1983, Vol. 13 Issue 3, p400 

    No abstract available.

  • THE OAKS OF TURKEY. Hedge, I. C.; Yaltirik, F. // International Oaks;Fall1994, Issue 5, p3 

    The article focuses on several oak species that can be found in Turkey. The deciduous tall shrub Quercus (Q.) pontica has leaves mostly at ends of branches and does not have intercalary veins. Q. harwissiana is a deciduous columnar tree that can grow up to 25 meters with narrow branching habit....

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics