TITLE

Risk factors among handgun retailers for frequent and disproportionate sales of guns used in violent and firearm related crimes

AUTHOR(S)
Wintemute, G. J.; Cook, P. J.; Wright, M. A.
PUB. DATE
December 2005
SOURCE
Injury Prevention (1353-8047);Dec2005, Vol. 11 Issue 6, p357
SOURCE TYPE
Periodical
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Objective: To determine the retailer and community level factors associated with frequent and disproportionate sales of handguns that are later used in violent and firearm related crimes (VFC handguns). Design: Cross sectional. The authors used California records to identify all handguns sold by study subjects during 1996–2000 and federal gun tracing records to determine which of these guns had been recovered by a police agency in the US or elsewhere and traced by 30 September 2003. Subjects and setting: The 421 licensed gun retailers in California selling at least 100 handguns annually during 1996–2000. Main outcome measure: The number of VFC handguns per 1000 gun years of exposure. Differences are expressed as incidence rate ratios (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: Subjects accounted for 11.7% of California retailers with handgun sales, 81 .5% of handgun sales, and 85.5% of VFC handguns. Among subjects, the 3426 VFC handguns accounted for 48.0% of all traced handguns and 65.0% of those linked to a specified crime. The median VFC handgun trace rate was 0.5/1000 gun years (range 0–8.8). In multivariate analysis, this rate increased substantially for each single-point increase in the percentage of proposed sales that were denied because the purchasers were prohibited from owning guns (RR 1 .43; 95% CI 1.32 to 1.56), and was increased for pawnbrokers (RR 1.26; 95% CI 1 .02 to 1.55). Community level crime rates and sociodemographics had little predictive value. Conclusions: Risk factors, largely determined at the retailer level, exist for frequent and disproportionate sales of handguns that are later used in violent and firearm related crimes. Screening to identify high risk retailers could be undertaken with data that are already available.
ACCESSION #
19346506

 

Related Articles

  • Homicide, Handguns, and the Crime Gun Hypothesis: Firearms Used in Fatal Shootings of Law Enforcement Officers, 1980 to 1989. Wintemute, Garen J. // American Journal of Public Health;Apr94, Vol. 84 Issue 4, p561 

    Objectives. Many policies seeking to limit handgun violence rest on the largely untested "crime gun hypothesis," which holds that subclasses of handguns differ in their risk for use in violent crime. This study tests that hypothesis for handguns used in homicides of law enforcement officers and...

  • One Percent of Retailers Sell 40 Percent of Guns Used in California Crime; UC Davis Study Identifies Pawnshops, Retailers With High Rates of Background Check Failure as Sources of Disproportionate Number of Crime Guns.  // Ascribe Newswire: Medicine;12/14/2005, p7 

    This article presents information on a study which reveals that 1.3 percent of the licensed gun retailers in California sell 39.4 percent of the handguns used in violent crime. The study was conducted by the researchers at the UC Davis School of Medicine and Medical Center. The study conducted...

  • Counter Attacks. Hemple, Peter // In-Store Marketing;Nov2001, p25 

    Examines retail crime in Great Britain in 2001. Number of retailers that had been a victim of violent crime as of August 2001; Percentage of decline in number of retailers that prepared to give up their businesses because of retail crime; Response given by Costcutter about retail crime and...

  • Jim Wallis on Gun Violence. Burgher, Ballard // Moderate Voice;10/9/15, p2 

    A blog on gun violence is presented.

  • CORRECTION.  // National Catholic Reporter;3/28/2014, Vol. 50 Issue 12, p2 

    Two corrections to the articles are presented which include Gun Violence in Mexico published from February 14-27, 2014 and February 28-March 13, 2014 and Catholic in Australia that was published from March 14-27, 2014 issue.

  • Armed and dangerous. Crutcher, Dan // Louisville Magazine;Sep99, Vol. 50 Issue 9, p8 

    Asserts that the only way to tackle the problem of gun violence in the United States is to go after its root causes. Titles of newspaper clippings on violent crimes in August 1999; Link between gun ownership and crime in the US and Switzerland; Measures suggested to bring down gun violence.

  • The right-to-carry trend. Beard, Michael K.; Hammer, Marion P. // Campaigns & Elections (1996);Aug96, Vol. 17 Issue 8, p55 

    Presents two opposing views regarding firearms control. Legislation which preys upon people's fear of violence; Need to protect citizens and their families; Data on victims of violent crimes.

  • Industries become ideological targets. Paige, sean // Insight on the News;04/27/98, Vol. 14 Issue 15, p12 

    Discusses the implementation of a gun-control legislation to curb violent crimes in the United States. Reference to schoolyard shootings at Jonesboro, Arkansas; View that gun manufacturers should accept responsibility for their dangerous products.

  • Your long guns are next. Myers, Burt // Ontario Out of Doors;Winter2006, Vol. 37 Issue 10, p6 

    The article focuses on issues related to the use of handguns in Canada. Earlier, Paul Martin, reigning leader of the Liberal Party of Canada, condemned the use of handguns. After the incidence of a 20-year-old former basketball star was being arrested on charges of the gun murder of a car...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics