Stratifizierte Rechte und soziale Exklusion von Migranten im Wohlfahrtsstaat

Mohr, Katrin
October 2005
Zeitschrift für Soziologie;okt2005, Vol. 34 Issue 5, p383
Academic Journal
In current research on migration and the welfare state, it is often stated that differences in access to social rights between citizens and non-citizens are becoming less relevant due to an expansion of migrants' rights. The expansion-thesis, however, gives only an incomplete picture of the development of migrants' social rights. Looking at Britain and Germany, we can see that some migrant groups are facing contractions of their rights and that economic restructuring, welfare state retrenchment, and socio-economic marginality are leading to the erosion of social rights even of long-term residents and their offspring. It is argued in this article that these parallel trends of expansion, contraction, and erosion can best be explained if we conceive of migrants' rights as a system of stratified rights in which different groups of migrants experience different kinds of changes and in which different mechanisms - residency laws, social policy regulations, and socio-structural conditions - work together in the exclusion of migrants from the national welfare state.


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