Goals for American Education: The Individual Focus

Russell, Dwane
March 1971
Educational Leadership;Mar1971, Vol. 28 Issue 6, p592
This article highlights the efforts to redefine goals of American education. The effort to redefine goals of American education provides an opportunity and responsibility to come to grips once again with the relationship of education to the individual. For without proper consideration of the individual, any derived or redefined set of goals will lack a firm foundation to promote change and improvement in American schools. The general pattern of American education, its practices and programs, has been founded upon the concept of essentialism. This concept implies that there is a body of knowledge, skills, and values, which is essential for every person to learn. The purpose of education, within this framework, is to guarantee every student masters these "essentials." One becomes educated when he has acquired this proper body of skills, knowledge, values, and behavior characteristics. Curriculum development is based upon the objectives of acquisition; and teaching methods are designed primarily to serve the transmission process.


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