Foreign Assistance: U.S. Economic and Democratic Assistance to the Central Asian Republics: NSIAD-99-200

August 1999
GAO Reports;8/11/1999, p1
Government Documents
With the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, the five countries that comprise the Central Asian Republics--Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan--became independent along with Russia and the former republics of the Soviet Union. The United States has important strategic interest in the Central Asian Republics, including dismantling Kazakhstan's nuclear arsenal; developing oil and gas reserves; and helping stabilize a region surrounded by China, Iran, and Russia. The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) has provided about $274 million for economic and democratic reform initiatives in the five republics. This report answers the following questions: What were USAID's economic and democratic reform initiatives in the five republics designed to achieve, what has been accomplished, and what factors have limited the implementation of reforms? Have lessons learned from similar USAID programs in Central Europe and Russia been applied to the five republics? How has USAID ensured that its assistance funds in the five republics are spent as intended?


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