TITLE

Rebuilding Iraq: Preliminary Observations on Challenges in Transferring Security Responsibilities to Iraqi Military and Police: GAO-05-431T

AUTHOR(S)
Christoff, Joseph A.
PUB. DATE
March 2005
SOURCE
GAO Reports;3/14/2005, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Government Document
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Since fall 2003, MNF-I has developed and refined a plan to transfer security responsibilities to the Iraqi military and police forces.1 The plan's objective was to allow a gradual drawdown of coalition forces first in conjunction with the neutralization of Iraq's insurgency and second with the development of Iraqi forces capable of securing their country. In summer 2004, MNF-I developed and began implementing a comprehensive campaign plan with this transition concept. The campaign plan is classified. As of March 2005, the Commander, U.S. Central Command, stated that Iraqi security forces were growing in capability but were not ready to take on the insurgency without the presence, help, mentoring, and assistance of MNF-I. U.S. government data do not provide reliable information on the status of Iraqi military and police forces. The goal of the multinational force is to train and equip about 271,000 Iraqi security forces by July 2006. As of late February 2005, the State Department reported that about 82,000 police forces under the Iraqi Ministry of Interior and almost 60,000 military forces under the Iraqi Ministry of Defense have been trained and equipped. However, the reported number of Iraqi police is unreliable because the Ministry of Interior does not receive consistent and accurate reporting from the police forces around the country. The data also include police absent from duty. Further, State no longer reports on the extent to which Iraqi security forces have their required weapons, vehicles, communication equipment, and body armor. The insurgency in Iraq has intensified since June 2003, making it difficult to transfer security responsibilities to Iraqi forces. According to Department of Defense officials and documents, the insurgency has grown in intensity and sophistication. Attacks against the coalition and its Iraqi forces have increased in number over time, with the highest peaks of attacks occurring in August and November 2004 and in January 2005. At the same time, MNF-I faces four challenges in building an Iraqi security force capable of combating the insurgency. First, the Iraqi force structure for the military and police is changing with the creation of new units by MNF-I and the Iraqi ministries. This makes it difficult to provide effective support-the training, equipment, and sustaining of Iraqi forces. Second, MNF-I is still developing a system to assess the readiness of Iraqi military and police forces so they can identify weaknesses and provide them with effective support. Third, developing strong Iraqi leadership and ensuring the loyalty of all personnel throughout the chain of command has proven difficult. Fourth, MNF-I and the Iraqi ministries find it difficult to train a national police force that abides by the rule of law while operating in a hostile environment. MNF-I is aware of these challenges and is working to address them. For example, MNF-I is developing a system to measure the readiness of the Page 3 GAO-05-431T Iraqi military and police and is moving to expand a system of embedded U.S. trainers to help develop strong Iraqi leadership.
ACCESSION #
18174700

 

Related Articles

  • Iran opposition reports attacks by Arab minority insurgents.  // Geo-Strategy Direct;8/28/2013, p16 

    The article reports on the revelation of Iranian opposition regarding the attack of the country's provincial capital of Ahwaz in August 2013. It states that the attack, which took a place of a fuel station and resulted to several death and injuries, was considered by the opposition as a renewal...

  • Get Out Now. Lopez, George A. // Foreign Policy;May/Jun2005, Issue 148, p64 

    Presents the author's thoughts on how the new Iraqi authorities must be able to challenge the insurgency on nationalist, political, and religious grounds. The need for the U.S to withdraw troops from Iraq; Mistakes the U.S. has made in assumptions regarding insurgents actions.

  • THE ENEMY WITH MANY FACES. Ware, Michael; Burger, Timothy J.; Thompson, Mark // Time International (South Pacific Edition);9/27/2004, Issue 38, p26 

    The article focuses on the rise of insurgency in Iraq. The militant groups loyal to Abu Mousab al-Zarqawi, chief operative of al-Qaeda in Iraq, control major roads in Baghdad, Iraq, and are increasing their zone of influence in Iraq. The National Intelligence Estimate on Iraq prepared by the...

  • Eight Policemen Killed in Rebel Attacks in Dagestan.  // Eurasia Daily Monitor;4/15/2011, Vol. 8 Issue 74, p1 

    The article reports on the growth of insurgency-related violence in Northern Caucasus, Russia. It notes the series of violence and attacks in the area involving rebels and militants, resulting to deaths and injuries of several policemen and civilians in the area. It also mentions the kind of...

  • The Persistent Empire.  // Time;12/31/1973, Vol. 102 Issue 27, p41 

    The article reports on the move of the U.N. General Assembly to adopt a resolution which declares that Portugal represents only its European population and not the peoples of its African territories including Angola, Mozambique and Guinea-Bissau. It mentions that the country, which is considered...

  • Democratic Republic of the Congo: Situation still very precarious in east of country.  // African Business News;6/21/2013, p8 

    The article discusses the insurgency and the social conditions in the Republic of Congo. It talks about the regret of Franz Rauchenstein, the outgoing head of the ICRC delegation in the country, for failing to see improvement in terms of respect for the lives and dignity of civilians in conflict...

  • Balochistan - No More Games. Raja, Asif // Hilal;May2015, Vol. 51 Issue 11, p5 

    The article discusses the economic potential of Balochistan, Pakistan and its economic importance for the country. The author talks about the government's allocation of grants in the province and the efforts of Pakistan enemies, both internal and external, to create disturbances in the province...

  • U.S. May Arm Ukraine Troops. Investor's Business Daily // Investors Business Daily;2/3/2015, pA01 

    6 Donetsk's rebel leader said that he'll recruit "volunteers" to bring rebel forces up to 100,000 fighters but didn't say how many recruits he'll need. Shelling of rebel-held Donetsk and gov't-held Debaltseve killed dozens more in the 72 hours through Mon. night. The U.S. may arm Ukraine but not...

  • CRACKING AN INSURGENT CELL. Barnes, Julian E. // U.S. News & World Report;1/9/2006, Vol. 140 Issue 1, p36 

    This article presents information about how American troops are assisting Iraqi security forces in cracking insurgency cells. The article provides details of the arrest of members of an insurgent assassination team. The interrogation of the insurgents led to the discovery of a weapons cache....

Share

Read the Article

Other Topics