TITLE

Psychological terror at work and cardiovascular diseases among teachers

AUTHOR(S)
Malinauskienë, Vilija; Obelenis, Vytautas; Ðopagienë, Diana
PUB. DATE
June 2005
SOURCE
Acta Medica Lituanica;2005, Vol. 12 Issue 2, p20
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Aims: To investigate the prevalence of workplace psychological terror (bullying) in a representative sample of secondary school teachers in Kaunas, Lithuania (formerly part of the Soviet Union) and the effect of bullying on stress symptoms and some reported outcomes diagnosed by a physician over the previous six months. Methods: 738 teachers of 7 Kaunas secondary schools were included into the study. Of them, 475 (64.4%) were asked to answer the Norwegian version of the Negative Acts Questionnaire and some questions on perceived stress, some reported outcomes diagnosed by a physician over the previous six months, smoking habits, body height and weight. SPSS 10.0 for Windows was used in the statistical analysis, and the logistic regression models were applied for the estimation of odds ratios of bullying on the dependent variables (cardiovascular diseases, stress symptoms). Results: 470 teachers answered the questionnaire (response rate 63.4%). The prevalence of regular bullying was 2.6% and occasional bullying 23.0%. The age-gender adjusted odds ratio of bullying for stress symptoms was 2.97, 95% CI being 2.11-4.17. The odds ratio of bullying for cardiovascular diseases was 1.31, 95% CI 1.01-1.72; after adjustment for age, gender, smoking and overweight it was 1.32; 95% CI being 0.99-1.77. Conclusions: This first study on workplace bullying in the former Soviet Union, East Europe and Baltic countries confirmed that the phenomenon of bullying is of importance in the onset of cardiovascular health problems.
ACCESSION #
18019461

 

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