TITLE

THE IMPACT OF CERTAINTY AND SEVERITY OF PUNISHMENT ON LEVELS OF CRIME IN AMERICAN STATES: AN EXTENDED ANALYSIS

AUTHOR(S)
Antunes, George; Hunt, A. Lee
PUB. DATE
December 1973
SOURCE
Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology;Dec1973, Vol. 64 Issue 4, p486
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This article discusses a study on the impact of certainty and severity of punishment on levels of crime among states in the U.S. In this paper, the authors have applied several regression models in a test of the effects of the variables in the general deterrence of crime. From this analysis, the authors find no support for severity of sentence acting alone as a deterrent to crime. However, they find a consistent, moderate effect for certainty of punishment acting to reduce crime rates. Attempts to improve predictive capability through a theoretically formulated model are partially successful. Based on the opinion of the authors, the appropriate criminal justice policy is one which attempts to reduce crime by increasing the probability of apprehension and prosecution.
ACCESSION #
17998857

 

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