Middle School Curriculum, Instruction, and Assessment Through the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s

Thompson, Katherine F.; Homestead, Elaine R.; Pate, P. Elizabeth
May 2004
Middle School Journal;May2004, Vol. 35 Issue 5, p70
Academic Journal
The article discusses the trends of educational curriculum in the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s. During the past 30 years, there have been a variety of curriculum models used in middle schools. Curriculum models refer to the type, presentation, format, and intent of curriculum that, ideally, provides for independent thinkers. According to the author, curriculum in middle schools should be developmentally appropriate, rigorous, challenging, exploratory, and focused on the needs, interests, and concerns of students. Middle level educators dismantle artificial content area barriers that often promote isolated learning and instead establish blocks of learning time devoted to integrating the curriculum. Instruction is at the core of an effective and appropriate middle level education. Like curriculum, instruction should be responsive to the needs of adolescent learners. Middle level students deserve instruction that is engaging, interactive, collaborative, differentiated, innovative, and inclusive of varying perspectives.


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