TITLE

THE WELFARE STATE AND ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE

AUTHOR(S)
Atkinson, A. B.
PUB. DATE
June 1995
SOURCE
National Tax Journal;Jun95, Vol. 48 Issue 2, p171
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The Welfare State has come under attack from economists, particularly in Western Europe, who argue that it is responsible for poor economic performance, and that public spending should be reduced. The present paper seeks to clarify the nature of the charges leveled against the Welfare State and the mechanisms by which it may adversely affect economic performance. The first section considers the aggregate empirical evidence. Not only is the evidence mixed, but also such an argument is difficult to establish. The second section of the paper describes a number of the problems with aggregate cross-country evidence. In particular, the interpretation depends on the underlying theoretical framework. The third and fourth sections of the paper examine a selection of the theoretical mechanisms, distinguishing between those that affect the level of output, taking a model of the labor market, and those that influence the rate of growth, drawing on recent developments in growth theory. An important role is played by the institutional structure of benefits, which can significantly change their impact on economic behavior.
ACCESSION #
17656027

 

Related Articles

  • The Vertical Division of the European Welfare State. Zijderveld, Anton C. // Society;May/Jun98, Vol. 35 Issue 4, p62 

    This article traces the emergence of the vertical social structure with the rise of the centralized, comprehensive welfare state in Europe. A society is vertically structured, when individual citizens and their associations and institutions are ruled in a top-down manner by an overarching state,...

  • Creating the State Locally through Welfare Provision: Two Mayors, Two Welfare Regimes in Rural Hungary. Schwarcz, Gyöngyi; Szőke, Alexandra // Social Analysis;Winter2014, Vol. 58 Issue 3, p141 

    This article examines the ways in which decentralized welfare provision is utilized by local state officials, particularly mayors, to (re)create local belonging along notions of deservingness. Comparing the organization of three forms of benefits in two villages, we demonstrate that local...

  • The Ups and Downs of the Swedish Welfare State. Ginsburg, Helen Lachs; Rosenthal, Marguerite G. // New Politics;Summer2006, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p70 

    The article focuses on the condition of the Swedish welfare state during the post-World War II period. The country evolved into a slum-free, affluent, egalitarian full employment welfare state, with a strong commitment to work for all and women's equality. The country's strong commitment to the...

  • SOCIAL NORMS AND ECONOMIC INCENTIVES IN THE WELFARE STATE. Lindbeck, Assar; Nyberg, Sten; Weibull, Jörgen W. // Quarterly Journal of Economics;Feb99, Vol. 114 Issue 1, p1 

    This paper analyzes the interplay between social norms and economic incentives in the context of work decisions in the modern welfare state. We assume that to live off one's own work is a social norm, and that the larger the population share adhering to this norm, the more intensely it is felt...

  • METHODS BY WHICH THE STATE CAN EXERCISE ITS PREROGATIVES AND FUNCTIONS. Călin, Abrudan Leonard // Annals of the University of Oradea, Economic Science Series;2008, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p18 

    In this paper we will discuss about the methods by which the state can make the public choice real and how diferent tipe of states manage to solve this item. Welfare state in opposition with the laissez-faire conception could guide to an interesting approach of the taxation problem.

  • Inadequacy of technology and innovation systems at the periphery. da Motta e Albuquerque, Eduardo // Cambridge Journal of Economics;Sep2007, Vol. 31 Issue 5, p669 

    Inadequacy of technology is a child of structuralism; the concept of a national system of innovation (NSI) is a child of evolutionary theory. A dialogue between these concepts can enrich our understanding of the problems involved in building NSIs at the periphery. Celso Furtado explains the...

  • Issiz Refahtan Refahsiz Ise Refah Devletinin Islevsel D�n�fl�m�. Akan, Taner // Sivil Toplum: Dusunce & Aastirma Dergisi;2007, Vol. 5 Issue 19, p7 

    Welfare policies, which take the shape of "equality at consequences" on social basis and "equality at opportunities" on individual, are a reaction movement to civilise the capitalist market economy. Classical welfare policies, put into practice in a compensatory way during the pre-globalization...

  • Globalization and Welfare Compensation: Disentangling the Ties that Bind. Burgoon, Brian // International Organization;Summer2001, Vol. 55 Issue 3, p509 

    The relationship between economic openness and welfare policies in industrialized countries has long been of interest to and increasingly divides students of politics and economics. The author builds on the intuition that political struggles connecting openness to welfare vary across different...

  • Dole Bludgers, Tax Payers and the New Right: Constructing Discourses of Welfare in 1970s Australia. Archer, Verity // Labour History;May2009, Issue 96, p177 

    The international shift to New Right economics in the early 1970s, led by America, was the driving force for the invention of the dole bludger in Australia. The construction of the 'dole bludger' as the financial burden of the 'taxpayer' was a vital part of a broader effort to construct...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics